Difference between revisions of "User:G-rant"

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==Cosmological Perspective==
 
==Cosmological Perspective==
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[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axial_precession#Polar_shift_and_equinoxes_shift] Wikipedia - Axial Precession - approximately 25,772 years
  
 
[https://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson/essays/2007-04-the-cosmic-perspective.php] haydenplanetarium.org (4/2/07) - Neil deGrasse Tyson - The Cosmic Perspective
 
[https://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson/essays/2007-04-the-cosmic-perspective.php] haydenplanetarium.org (4/2/07) - Neil deGrasse Tyson - The Cosmic Perspective
  
 
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA00452] JPL/NASA (1996) - Solar System Portrait - Earth as 'Pale Blue Dot’
 
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA00452] JPL/NASA (1996) - Solar System Portrait - Earth as 'Pale Blue Dot’
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[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_possible_dwarf_planets] Wikipedia - List of Possible Dwarf Planets - Estimates have run as high as 200 in the Kuiper belt and over 10,000 in the region beyond.
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[https://seagerexoplanets.mit.edu/ProfSeagerEbook.pdf] seagerexoplanets.mit.edu (2009) - Is There Life Out There? The Search for Habitable Exoplanets
  
 
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outer_Space_Treaty] Wikipedia - Outer Space Treaty
 
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outer_Space_Treaty] Wikipedia - Outer Space Treaty
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[https://youtu.be/V9KnrVlpqoM] YouTube - Quantum Physics and Consciousness (2014) - Michio Kaku - "Cosmic Consciousness"
 
[https://youtu.be/V9KnrVlpqoM] YouTube - Quantum Physics and Consciousness (2014) - Michio Kaku - "Cosmic Consciousness"
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[https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/earth-may-be-a-1-in-700-quintillion-kind-of-place] discovermagazine.com (2/22/14) - Earth May Be A 1-In-700 Quintilian Kind Of Place
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[https://youtu.be/Uk0pRPIQBY4] YouTube - Cosmology Today (2016) - What are the odds there is life in outer space? Richard Dawkins asks Neil deGrasse Tyson
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[https://getpocket.com/explore/item/new-evidence-for-the-strange-idea-that-the-universe-is-a-hologram?utm_source=pocket-newtab] getpocket.com (2/21/17) - New Evidence for the Strange Idea that the Universe Is a Hologram
  
 
[https://youtu.be/3iJZwndWX1s] YouTube - Christopher Tacon (11/24/17) - The Minor Planet Center, JPL, Wolfram Alpha - The Known Solar System
 
[https://youtu.be/3iJZwndWX1s] YouTube - Christopher Tacon (11/24/17) - The Minor Planet Center, JPL, Wolfram Alpha - The Known Solar System
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[https://interestingengineering.com/from-point-a-to-point-b-how-do-we-achieve-interstellar-flight] interestingengineering.com (5/4/19) - From Point A to Point B: How Do We Achieve Interstellar Flight?
 
[https://interestingengineering.com/from-point-a-to-point-b-how-do-we-achieve-interstellar-flight] interestingengineering.com (5/4/19) - From Point A to Point B: How Do We Achieve Interstellar Flight?
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[https://www.universetoday.com/142234/advanced-civilizations-could-be-communicating-with-neutrino-beams-transmitted-by-clouds-of-satellites-around-neutron-stars-or-black-holes/] universetoday.com (5/17/19) - Advanced Civilizations Could be Communicating with Neutrino Beams. Transmitted by Clouds of Satellites Around Neutron Stars or Black Holes
  
 
[https://directorsblog.nih.gov/2019/05/29/fundamental-knowledge-of-microbes-shedding-new-light-on-human-health/] directorsblog.nih.gov (5/29/19) - Fundamental Knowledge of Microbes Shedding New Light on Human Health
 
[https://directorsblog.nih.gov/2019/05/29/fundamental-knowledge-of-microbes-shedding-new-light-on-human-health/] directorsblog.nih.gov (5/29/19) - Fundamental Knowledge of Microbes Shedding New Light on Human Health
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[https://dailygalaxy.com/2019/07/a-smoky-dragon-the-cosmos-is-a-participatory-universe-weekend-feature/] dailygalaxy.com (7/20/19) - The Cosmos “Is a Conscious Universe”
 
[https://dailygalaxy.com/2019/07/a-smoky-dragon-the-cosmos-is-a-participatory-universe-weekend-feature/] dailygalaxy.com (7/20/19) - The Cosmos “Is a Conscious Universe”
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[https://www.space.com/amp/tess-first-year-hunting-alien-planets.html] space.com (7/26/19) - NASA's Planet-Hunting TESS Telescope Finds 21 New Worlds in 1st Year
  
 
[https://youtu.be/kux1j1ccsgg] YouTube - Journey to the Microcosmos (7/29/19) - Tardigrades: Chubby, Misunderstood, & Not Immortal
 
[https://youtu.be/kux1j1ccsgg] YouTube - Journey to the Microcosmos (7/29/19) - Tardigrades: Chubby, Misunderstood, & Not Immortal
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[https://youtu.be/gf-ZUYIkPl0] YouTube - Journey to the Microcosmos (8/20/19) - Mysterious Jiggly Crystals and Other Intracellular Structures
 
[https://youtu.be/gf-ZUYIkPl0] YouTube - Journey to the Microcosmos (8/20/19) - Mysterious Jiggly Crystals and Other Intracellular Structures
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[https://www.supercluster.com/editorial/can-intelligent-machines-find-intelligent-aliens] supercluster.com (8/20/19) - Can intelligent machines find intelligent aliens?
  
 
[https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/95/10/fiz127/5553461] academic.oup.com (8/22/19) - Inevitable future: space colonization beyond Earth with microbes first  
 
[https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/95/10/fiz127/5553461] academic.oup.com (8/22/19) - Inevitable future: space colonization beyond Earth with microbes first  
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[https://lipglouse.com/amazing-collection-of-scientific-photos-that-are-real-and-had-to-believe/] lipglouse.com (11/6/19) - Amazing collection of scientific photos that are real and hard to believe
 
[https://lipglouse.com/amazing-collection-of-scientific-photos-that-are-real-and-had-to-believe/] lipglouse.com (11/6/19) - Amazing collection of scientific photos that are real and hard to believe
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[https://www.wired.com/story/alien-hunters-need-far-side-moon-to-stay-quiet/] wired.com (11/15/19) - Alien Hunters Need the Far Side of the Moon to Stay Quiet
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[https://m.twitch.tv/crashg1972] twitch.tv (11/20/19) - Cosmic Radio Signals Live
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[https://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/the-solar-system-according-to-carolyn-porco.html] planetary.org (11/26/19) - The Solar System According to Carolyn Porco
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[https://www.businessinsider.com/video-animation-planetary-scientist-huge-solar-system-2019-11] businessinsider.com (11/27/19) - A stunning animation by a planetary scientist shows how huge our solar system is — and why that makes it so hard to depict
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[https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2019/12/04/new-horizons-a-slowing-solar-wind-far-from-earth/] centauri-dreams.org (12/4/19) - New Horizons: A Slowing Solar Wind Far from Earth
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[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/giant-chinese-telescope-joins-search-alien-radio-signals-180973737/] airspacemag.com (12/10/19) - Giant Chinese Telescope Joins the Search for Alien Radio Signals
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[https://scitechdaily.com/short-lived-light-sources-discovered-in-the-sky-vanishing-stars-and-failed-supernovas/] scitechdaily.com (12/12/19) - Sources Discovered in the Sky – Vanishing Stars and Failed Supernovas
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[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/why-do-astronomers-keep-changing-what-it-means-to-be-a-planet] astronomy.com (12/16/19) - http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/why-do-astronomers-keep-changing-what-it-means-to-be-a-planet
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[https://www.su.se/english/research/research-news/short-lived-light-sources-discovered-in-the-sky-1.475666] su.se (12/17/19) - Short-lived light sources discovered in the sky
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[https://gizmodo.com/weird-vanishing-stars-could-potentially-be-aliens-st-1840486666] Gizmodo.com (12/17/19) - Weird ‘Vanishing Stars’ Could Be Aliens, Study Claims
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[https://www.space.com/europe-launches-cheops-alien-planet-satellite.html] space.com (12/18/19) - Europe Launches Satellite to Study Alien Worlds
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-europe-exoplanet-hunter-orbit-earth.html] phys.org (12/18/19) - Europe's exoplanet hunter reaches orbit around Earth
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[https://www.inverse.com/article/61929-source-of-alien-comets] inverse.com (12/20/19) - Scientists home in on mysterious alien comets' interstellar origins
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[https://www.vox.com/platform/amp/science-and-health/2019/12/18/20995427/astronomy-pluto-black-hole-mars-curiosity-rosetta#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s] vox.com (12/20/19) - The 15 most awe-inspiring space images of the decade
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[https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614956/these-are-the-stars-the-pioneer-and-voyager-spacecraft-will-encounter/] technologyreview.com (12/20/19) - These are the stars the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft will encounter
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[https://nexusnewsfeed.com/article/science-futures/vanishing-stars-may-lead-to-alien-civilisations#.XgSfldNnPaQ.twitter] nexusnewsfeed.com (12/24/19) - Vanishing stars may lead to alien civilisations
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[https://www.popularmechanics.com/space/deep-space/a30345230/calculating-interstallar-distances/] popularmechanics.com (12/30/19) - Scientists Have Calculated How Long It'll Take to Reach Distant Stars
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[https://aasnova.org/2019/12/30/selections-from-2019-connecting-the-universes-large-and-small-scales/] aasnova.org (12/30/19) - Selections from 2019: Connecting the Universe’s Large and Small Scales
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[https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/12/the-2010s-decade-of-the-exoplanet/] arstechnica.com (12/31/19) - The 2010s: Decade of the exoplanet
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[https://www.space.com/hubble-constant-crisis-deepens.html] space.com (1/8/20) - No One Can Agree How Fast Universe Is Expanding. New Measure Makes Things Worse.
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[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2020/01/probing-the-cosmos-for-flaws-in-einsteins-general-relativity] astronomy.com (1/9/20) - Probing the cosmos for flaws in Einstein's general relativity
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[https://cosmosmagazine.com/technology/bacteria-helps-create-living-concrete] cosmosmagazine.com (1/15/20) - How to create living concrete
  
 
==Theological Perspective==
 
==Theological Perspective==
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[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asherah] Wikipedia - Asherah
  
 
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elohim#Grammar_and_etymology] Wikipedia - Elohim
 
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elohim#Grammar_and_etymology] Wikipedia - Elohim
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[https://www.theguardian.pe.ca/news/world/pope-urges-politicians-to-take-drastic-measures-on-climate-change-347462/] theguardian.pe.ca (9/1/19) - Pope urges politicians to take 'drastic measures' on climate change
 
[https://www.theguardian.pe.ca/news/world/pope-urges-politicians-to-take-drastic-measures-on-climate-change-347462/] theguardian.pe.ca (9/1/19) - Pope urges politicians to take 'drastic measures' on climate change
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[https://m.hindustantimes.com/india-news/we-have-power-of-truth-china-has-power-of-gun-dalai-lama/story-ANskfEdmnNVgzdNtH55bMJ.html] hindustantimes.com (12/25/19) - ‘We have power of truth, China has power of gun’: Dalai Lama
  
 
==Philosophical Perspective==
 
==Philosophical Perspective==
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[https://mindaslab.github.io/2019/11/17/galaxies-on-an-oscillating-base.html] mindaslab.github.io -The Hermetic Museum, Vol. I, by Arthur Edward Waite, [1893], at sacred-texts.com - p. 68 p. 69 - THE SOPHIC HYDROLITH
  
 
[http://www.academia.edu/4700649/Philosophical_Issues_Regarding_Extraterrestrial_Life] academia.edu (2003) - Philosophical Issues Regarding Extraterrestrial Life
 
[http://www.academia.edu/4700649/Philosophical_Issues_Regarding_Extraterrestrial_Life] academia.edu (2003) - Philosophical Issues Regarding Extraterrestrial Life
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[https://aeon.co/essays/why-wonder-is-the-most-human-of-all-emotions] aeon.co (6/21/13) - How wonder works - Why wonder is the most human of all emotions
 
[https://aeon.co/essays/why-wonder-is-the-most-human-of-all-emotions] aeon.co (6/21/13) - How wonder works - Why wonder is the most human of all emotions
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[https://youtu.be/msDmHMgIQjo] YouTube - Fractal Youniverse (6/27/15) - What Is Magic (part 1) - Words from Terrence McKenna (video)
  
 
[http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2016/02/asking_whether_extraterrestrial_life_exists_is_the_wrong_question.html] slate.com (2016) - “Are We Alone in the Universe?” Is the Wrong Question
 
[http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2016/02/asking_whether_extraterrestrial_life_exists_is_the_wrong_question.html] slate.com (2016) - “Are We Alone in the Universe?” Is the Wrong Question
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[https://medium.com/@joeleisenberg/the-importance-of-being-yoda-2a40e4236406] medium.com (11/9/19) - The Importance of Being Yoda
 
[https://medium.com/@joeleisenberg/the-importance-of-being-yoda-2a40e4236406] medium.com (11/9/19) - The Importance of Being Yoda
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[https://blog.apaonline.org/2018/11/21/the-philosophy-guy-podcast-philosophy-outside-academia/] apaonline.org (11/21/19) - The Philosophy Guy Podcast: Philosophy Outside Academia
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[https://medium.com/@eutelic/phenomena-from-inside-and-out-f24be75ce7f1] medium.com (11/23/19) - Phenomena from Inside and Out
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[https://www.realclearscience.com/articles/2019/11/29/our_place_in_the_universe_will_radically_change_in_the_next_50_years_111203.html] realclearscience.com (11/29/19) - Our Place in the Universe Will Radically Change in the Next 50 Years
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[https://iai.tv/articles/who-decides-what-is-real-auid-1278] iai.tv (12/3/19) - Who Decides what is Real?
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[https://ralphammer.com/is-it-worth-the-trouble/] ralphammer.com (12/7/19) - Is it worth the trouble? “The Myth of Sisyphus”
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[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/if-aliens-exist-elsewhere-universe-how-would-they-behave-180973843/#.XhKiGu4zaMU.reddit] smithsonianmag.com (12/30/19) - If Aliens Existed Elsewhere in the Universe, How Would They Behave?
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[https://transpire.me/2020/01/14/is-universe-made-for-us/] transpire.me (1/14/20) - Is Universe Made For Us?
  
 
==Astrophysical Perspective==
 
==Astrophysical Perspective==
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[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-10-neutron-star-smash-up-discovery-lifetime.amp] phys.org (10/16/17) - Neutron star smashup seen for first time, 'transforms' understanding of Universe
 
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-10-neutron-star-smash-up-discovery-lifetime.amp] phys.org (10/16/17) - Neutron star smashup seen for first time, 'transforms' understanding of Universe
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[https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/news/2017-35] cfa.harvard.edu (1/13/20) - Cosmic Filament Probes Our Galaxy’s Giant Black Hole
  
 
[https://www.space.com/38816-gravitational-waves-fifth-ligo-black-hole-crash.html] space.com (11/17/17) - Gravitational-Wave Detector Catches Lightest Black Hole Smashup Yet
 
[https://www.space.com/38816-gravitational-waves-fifth-ligo-black-hole-crash.html] space.com (11/17/17) - Gravitational-Wave Detector Catches Lightest Black Hole Smashup Yet
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[https://www.thisisinsider.com/universe-younger-expanding-faster-than-thought-study-new-physics-2019-4] thisisinsider.com (4/27/19) - The universe is younger and expanding faster than we thought, a new study found — and we may need new physics as a result
 
[https://www.thisisinsider.com/universe-younger-expanding-faster-than-thought-study-new-physics-2019-4] thisisinsider.com (4/27/19) - The universe is younger and expanding faster than we thought, a new study found — and we may need new physics as a result
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[http://brainstormingbox.org/youve-heard-of-black-holes-but-white-holes-might-blow-your-mind/] brainstormingbox.org (4/27/19) - You’ve heard of black holes. But ‘white holes’ might blow your mind.  YOU OFHOLES.
  
 
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/stardust-solar-system/] siscomedia.co.uk (4/30/19) - Secrets of solar system formation revealed by cosmic dust
 
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/stardust-solar-system/] siscomedia.co.uk (4/30/19) - Secrets of solar system formation revealed by cosmic dust
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[https://www.quantamagazine.org/what-shape-is-the-universe-closed-or-flat-20191104] quantamagazine.org (11/4/19) - What Shape Is the Universe? A New Study Suggests We’ve Got It All Wrong
 
[https://www.quantamagazine.org/what-shape-is-the-universe-closed-or-flat-20191104] quantamagazine.org (11/4/19) - What Shape Is the Universe? A New Study Suggests We’ve Got It All Wrong
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[https://www.livescience.com/universe-may-be-curved.html] livescience.com (11/4/19) - The Universe Might Be a Giant Loop
  
 
[https://aasnova.org/2019/11/08/a-standard-of-black-hole-mergers/] aasnova.org (11/8/19) - A Standard of Black Hole Mergers
 
[https://aasnova.org/2019/11/08/a-standard-of-black-hole-mergers/] aasnova.org (11/8/19) - A Standard of Black Hole Mergers
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[https://aasnova.org/2019/11/11/a-new-measurement-of-turbulence/] aasnova.org (11/11/19) - A New Measurement of Turbulence
 
[https://aasnova.org/2019/11/11/a-new-measurement-of-turbulence/] aasnova.org (11/11/19) - A New Measurement of Turbulence
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[https://uanews.arizona.edu/story/mysteries-behind-interstellar-buckyballs-finally-answered] uanews.arizona.edu (11/13/19) - Mysteries Behind Interstellar Buckyballs Finally Answered
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[https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/shape-of-the-universe-could-it-be-curved-not-flat/#utm_source=Reddit&utm_medium=Social&utm_campaign=News] manchester.ac.uk (11/13/19) - Shape of the universe: could it be curved, not flat?
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[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211379719323940] sciencedirect.com (December 2019) - Real time observation of a stationary magneton - “forming a torus”
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[https://arirubin.space/Earth-Moon_System/periodicCoLinear.html] arirubin.space (11/16/19) - Earth-Moon Colinear Lagrange Points Periodic Orbits
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[https://aasnova.org/2019/11/19/the-slowly-cooling-white-dwarfs-who-say-ne/] aasnova.org (11/19/19) - The Slowly Cooling White Dwarfs Who Say Ne!
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[https://www.quantamagazine.org/hologram-within-a-hologram-hints-at-solution-to-black-hole-information-paradox-20191119/] quantamagazine.org (11/19/19) - Hologram Within a Hologram Hints at Fate of Black Holes
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[https://nerdist.com/article/89000f-wall-of-plasma-solar-system/] nerdist.com (11/20/19) - 89,000°F Wall of Plasma Surrounds Our Solar System
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[https://www.sciencealert.com/physicists-claim-a-they-ve-found-even-more-evidence-of-a-new-force-of-nature/amp?__twitter_impression=true] sciencealert.com (11/20/19) - Physicists Claim They've Found Even More Evidence of a New Force of Nature
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[https://www.space.com/most-detailed-universe-simulation.html?fbclid=IwAR3t2j8N0-e20s0VfcSgrNc8N_O1NGBpYnGGVbQT0Kinzsr1L6h_PuxqDZ8] space.com (11/21/19) - Physicists Just Created the Most Detailed Simulation of the Universe in History
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[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/nion-paa112519.php] eurekalert.com (11/25/19) - Planets around a black hole?
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[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1911.12881.pdf] arxiv.org (11/28/19) - The Radio Synchrotron Background A Cosmic Conundrum
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[https://youtu.be/qCmAQz6E_rg] YouTube - Anton Petrov (12/1/19) - More Scientific Proof That Everything in The Universe is Connected
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[https://aasnova.org/2019/12/04/when-a-black-hole-partially-destroys-a-star/] aasnova.org (12/4/19) - When A Black Hole (Partially) Destroys a Star
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[https://www.space.com/gravitational-waves-memory-space-time.html] space.com (12/6/19) - The Universe Remembers Gravitational Waves — And We Can Find Them
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[https://www.webbyfeed.com/new-ligo-technology-compresses-quantum-noise-for-identifying-gravitational-waves/4516/] webbyfeed.com (12/8/19) - New LIGO Technology Compresses Quantum Noise for Identifying Gravitational Waves
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[https://www.livescience.com/impossibly-huge-black-hole-debunked.html] livescience.com (12/11/19) - Impossibly Big Black Hole Was Probably Impossible After All
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-s-nicer-delivers-best-ever-pulsar-measurements-1st-surface-map/] NASA (12/12/19) - NASA’s NICER Delivers Best-ever Pulsar Measurements, 1st Surface Map
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[https://in.mashable.com/science/9461/the-milky-way-is-about-890-billion-times-the-mass-of-our-sun-claims-study] in.mashable.com (12/16/19) - The Milky Way Is About 890 Billion Times The Mass Of Our Sun, Claims Study
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-planetary-nebula-ngc-muse.html] phys.org (12/16/19) - Planetary nebula NGC 3132 investigated with MUSE
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[https://www.quantamagazine.org/quantas-year-in-physics-2019-20191223/] quantamagazine.com (12/23/19) - The Year in Physics
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=== 2020 ===
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[https://www.livescience.com/universe-filled-with-axion-strings.html] livescience.com (1/2/20) -
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The Universe May Be Flooded with a Cobweb Network of Invisible Strings
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-famous-black-hole-jet-cosmic.html] phys.org (1/7/20) - Famous black hole has jet pushing cosmic speed limit
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[https://www.space.com/black-hole-jets-near-speed-of-light.html] space.com (1/7/20) - Jets Blast Out of Famous Black Hole at 99% the Speed of Light
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 +
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2020/01/gravitational-waves-reveal-a-second-neutron-star-collision] astronomy.com (1/8/20) - Gravitational waves reveal a second neutron star collision
  
 
==Quantum Perspective==
 
==Quantum Perspective==
Line 1,167: Line 1,308:
 
[https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2019/11/08/even-in-a-quantum-universe-space-and-time-might-be-continuous-not-discrete/#6fb8cfc33598] Forbes.com (11/8/19) - Even In A Quantum Universe, Space And Time Might Be Continuous, Not Discrete
 
[https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2019/11/08/even-in-a-quantum-universe-space-and-time-might-be-continuous-not-discrete/#6fb8cfc33598] Forbes.com (11/8/19) - Even In A Quantum Universe, Space And Time Might Be Continuous, Not Discrete
  
==Astronomical Perspective==
+
[https://www.scientiststudy.com/2019/11/discovery-of-new-state-of-matter.html?m=1] scientiststudy.com (11/16/19) - Discovery of a new state of matter: metallic Cooper pairs
 +
 
 +
[https://www.livescience.com/objective-reality-not-exist-quantum-physicists.html] livescience.com (11/16/19) - Objective Reality Doesn't Exist, Quantum Experiment Shows
 +
 
 +
[https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2019/11/19/the-strong-cp-problem-is-the-most-underrated-puzzle-in-all-of-physics/#670766f31ea7] Forbes.com (11/19/19) - The 'Strong CP Problem' Is The Most Underrated Puzzle In All Of Physics
 +
 
 +
[https://scitechdaily.com/quantum-effects-at-mega-scale-the-universe-may-have-quantum-properties/] scitechdaily.com (11/25/19) - Quantum Effects at Mega-Scale: The Universe May Have Quantum Properties
 +
 
 +
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/tuos-nss112619.php#.Xd4R7T7Byw0.reddit] eurekalert.org (11/26/19) - New study shows unique magnetic transitions in quasicrystal-like structures
 +
 
 +
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-56357-3] nature.com (12/27/19) - Quantum Mechanics can be understood through stochastic optimization on spacetimes
 +
 
 +
[https://www.space.com/string-theory-started-off-wrong.html] space.com (1/14/20) - Why string theory persists — despite the knotty physics
 +
 
 +
==Astronomical Perspective==
  
 
[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/archivepix.html] NASA - Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) - Archive to 1995
 
[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/archivepix.html] NASA - Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) - Archive to 1995
Line 2,195: Line 2,350:
  
 
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/spitzer-spots-a-starry-region-bursting-with-bubbles] NASA (9/30/19) - Spitzer Spots a Starry Region Bursting With Bubbles
 
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/spitzer-spots-a-starry-region-bursting-with-bubbles] NASA (9/30/19) - Spitzer Spots a Starry Region Bursting With Bubbles
 +
 +
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1909.12371.pdf] arxiv.org (9/30/19) - The SAMI Galaxy Survey: First detection of a transition in spin orientation with respect to cosmic filaments in the stellar kinematics of galaxies.
  
 
[https://www.livescience.com/andromeda-galaxy-cannibal.html] livescience.com (10/2/19) - The Andromeda Galaxy Has Been Devouring Other Galaxies Since It Was a Baby (And Earth Is Next)
 
[https://www.livescience.com/andromeda-galaxy-cannibal.html] livescience.com (10/2/19) - The Andromeda Galaxy Has Been Devouring Other Galaxies Since It Was a Baby (And Earth Is Next)
Line 2,286: Line 2,443:
 
[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/nov/13/superfast-star-found-leaving-milky-way-at-1700km-per-second] theguardian.com (11/13/19) - Superfast star found leaving Milky Way at 1,700km per second
 
[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/nov/13/superfast-star-found-leaving-milky-way-at-1700km-per-second] theguardian.com (11/13/19) - Superfast star found leaving Milky Way at 1,700km per second
  
===Hubble Space Telescope (HST)===
+
[https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2019/11/15/surveying-multiple-star-exoplanetary-systems/] centauri-dreams.org (11/15/19) - Surveying Multiple-Star Exoplanetary Systems
  
[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap971219.html] NASA - APOD (1997) - NGC 6826: The Blinking Eye
+
[http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/11/Orion_A_in_infrared] esa.int (11/18/19) - Orion A in infrared
  
[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap020909.html] NASA - APOD (2002) - Hoag's Object: A Strange Ring Galaxy
+
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/isu-nth111919.php] eurekalert.org (11/19/19) - NASA's TESS helps astronomers study red-giant stars, examine a too-close planet
  
[http://www.spacetelescope.org/science/deep_fields/] spacetelescope.org - Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Ultra Deep Fields (1994, 2004), Infrared (2009) and eXtreme Deep Field (2012)
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/images/a-weakened-black-hole-allows-its-galaxy-to-awaken.html] NASA (11/18/19) - A Weakened Black Hole Allows Its Galaxy to Awaken
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_283.html] NASA (2008) - HST Images Sombrero Galaxy
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-11-outback-telescope-captures-milky-center.html] phys.org (11/20/19) - Outback telescope captures Milky Way center, discovers remnants of dead stars
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/hst_img_kuiper-smallest.html] NASA (12/16/09) - Hubble Finds Smallest Kuiper Belt Object Ever Seen
+
[https://news.uchicago.edu/podcasts/big-brains/hunt-alien-life-and-exoplanets-dave-charbonneau] uchicago.edu (11/20/19) - The Hunt for Alien Life and Exoplanets, with David Charbonneau (Ep. 36)
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/hd140283.html] NASA (3/7/13) - Hubble Finds Birth Certificate of Oldest Known Star
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-s-fermi-swift-missions-enable-a-new-era-in-gamma-ray-science] NASA (11/20/19) - NASA’s Fermi, Swift Missions Enable a New Era in Gamma-ray Science
  
[https://hubblesite.org/image/3886/category/58-hubble-ultra-deep-field] hubblesite.org (6/3/14) - Hubble Ultra Deep Field
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03530-3] nature.com (11/20/19) - How two intruders from interstellar space are upending astronomy
  
[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap141109.html] NASA (11/9/14) - APOD - The Cat’s Eye Nebula from Hubble
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/11/three-supermassive-black-holes-found-lurking-in-one-galaxy-a-first] astronomy.com (11/22/19) - Three supermassive black holes found lurking in one galaxy
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2016/hubbles-blue-bubble] NASA (2/26/16) - Hubble's Blue Bubble
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/11/earth-may-have-recently-destroyed-one-of-its-own-minimoons] astronomy.com (11/26/19) - Earth may have recently destroyed one of its own minimoons
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/WR_31a] Wikipedia - WR 31a (Blue Bubble Nebula)
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1766-2] nature.com (11/27/19) - A wide star–black-hole binary system from radial-velocity measurements
  
[https://hubblesite.org/image/3725/gallery] hubblesite.org (4/21/16) - Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635)
+
[https://theconversation.com/a-surprisingly-big-black-hole-might-have-swallowed-a-star-from-the-inside-out-and-scientists-are-baffled-127795] theconversation.com (11/27/19) - A surprisingly big black hole might have swallowed a star from the inside out, and scientists are baffled
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/hubble-reveals-observable-universe-contains-10-times-more-galaxies-than-previously-thought] NASA (10/13/16) - Hubble Reveals Observable Universe Contains 10 Times More Galaxies Than Previously Thought
+
[http://astronomy.com/news/2019/11/a-new-method-of-hunting-nearby-black-holes-turns-up-a-monster] astronomy.com (11/27/19) - A new method of hunting nearby black holes turns up a monster
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/05/black-hole-sun] astronomy.com (5/25/17) - A star turned into a black hole before Hubble’s very eyes
+
[https://www.sciencealert.com/an-impossible-black-hole-has-been-found-in-the-milky-way-galaxy] sciencealert.com (11/27/19) - Scientists Just Found an "Impossible" Black Hole in The Milky Way Galaxy
  
[https://www.photographytalk.com/photography-articles/8032-these-hubble-space-telescope-photos-will-absolutely-boggle-your-mind] photographytalk.com (2017) - These Hubble space telescope photos will absolutely boggle your mind
+
[https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/scientists-spot-huge-black-hole-should-not-exist-galaxy-12132562] channelnewsasia.com (11/28/19) - Scientists spot black hole so huge it 'shouldn't even exist' in our galaxy
  
[http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/deeper-view-hubble-ultra-deep-field/] skyandtelescope.com (11/29/17) - A Deeper View of Hubble’s Ultra Deep Field
+
[https://mpelembe.net/pr-newswire/news-releases/?rkey=20191202DC52961&filter=19466#.XeU8rYBv4VE.reddit] mpelembe.net (11/28/19) - Black Hole or Newborn Stars? SOFIA Finds Galactic Puzzle
  
[https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2017/12/2017-hubble-space-telescope-advent-calendar/547232/] theatlantic.com (12/1/17) - 2017 Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/images/black-hole-nurtures-baby-stars-a-million-light-years-away.html] NASA (11/29/19) - Black Hole Nurtures Baby Stars a Million Light-Years Away
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/all-the-glittering-stars] NASA (1/11/18) - All the Glittering Stars
+
[https://www.universetoday.com/144206/theres-now-an-operational-radio-telescope-on-the-far-side-of-the-moon/] universetoday.com (11/30/19) - There’s Now an Operational Radio Telescope on the Far Side of the Moon
  
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2018-03] hubblesite.org (1/11/18) - Hubble Finds Substellar Objects in the Orion Nebula
+
[https://www.wired.com/story/space-photos-of-the-week-eyes-in-the-sky/] wired.com (11/30/19) - Space Photos of the Week: Eyes in the Sky
  
[http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1802/] spacetelescope.org (2/5/18) - Hubble delivers first insight into atmospheres of potentially habitable planets orbiting TRAPPIST-1
+
[https://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2019-12-02/supernova-remnant-astronomy/11740294] abc.net.au (12/1/19) - West Australian telescope finds 9,000-year-old supernova remnant
  
[http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/galaxies/hubbles-view-of-little-blue-dots/] skyandtelescope.com (2/8/18) - Hubble’s View of Little Blue Dots
+
[https://www.sciencealert.com/astronomers-have-imaged-the-kuiper-belt-around-another-star] sciencealert.com (12/2/19) - Astronomers Have Detected a Familiar Feature in a Far-Away Solar System
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/improved-hubble-yardstick-gives-fresh-evidence-for-new-physics-in-the-universe] NASA (2/22/18) - Improved Hubble Yardstick Gives Fresh Evidence for New Physics in the Universe
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/astronomers-find-surprisingly-complex-magnetic-fields-in-a-galaxys-halo] astronomy.com (12/3/19) - Astronomers find surprisingly complex magnetic fields in a galaxy’s halo
  
[https://www.space.com/39815-hubble-suggests-universe-expanding-faster-study.html] space.com (2/26/18) - The Universe Is Expanding Faster Than We Thought, Hubble Data Suggests
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/carina-nebulas-mystic-mountain] NASA (12/4/19) - Carina Nebula's 'Mystic Mountain'
  
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2018-11] hubblesite.org (3/6/18) - Hubble Finds Huge System of Dusty Material Enveloping the Young Star HR 4796A
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/this-huge-galaxy-has-the-biggest-black-hole-ever-measured] astronomy.com (12/5/19) - This huge galaxy has the biggest black hole ever measured
  
[https://www.inverse.com/article/42187-hubble-finds-relic-galaxy-ngc-1277] inverse.com (3/12/18) - Hubble Just Found a "Relic Galaxy," and It's Absolutely Stunning
+
[https://www.space.com/china-fast-radio-telescope-finishing-alien-search-tests.html?utm_source=Selligent&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=11070&utm_content=20191207_SDC_Newsletter+-+adhoc+&utm_term=2862064&m_i=lq4AKzW%2BTWGvlr%2B_G3tXdr7ziJvJqWj27xEmr8nQSsHYMiTlIrI_fdz0ps4hZhtadUTQI26o0DY7pL6Q8y4uh3dwYXbWi5W4lL] space.com (12/7/19) - China's Huge, Alien-Hunting Radio Telescope Is Finishing Its Testing Phase
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-exquisite-view-of-a-stellar-nursery] NASA (3/23/18) - Hubble’s Exquisite View of a Stellar Nursery
+
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1912.04910.pdf] arxiv.org (12/10/19) - A Hidden Friend For The Galactic Center, Sgr A*
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/04/03/most-distant-star/#.WsS8_yIpCEc] discovermagazine.com (4/3/18) - Hubble spots farthest star ever seen
+
[https://www.universetoday.com/144236/this-is-the-milky-ways-magnetic-field/] universetoday.com (12/10/19) - This is the Milky Way’s Magnetic Field
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-makes-precise-distance-measurement-to-ancient-globular-cluster] NASA (4/4/18) Hubble Makes the First Precise Distance Measurement to an Ancient Globular Star Cluster (video)
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/the-milky-way-may-have-two-supermassive-black-holes] astronomy.com (12/12/19) - The Milky Way may have two supermassive black holes
  
[https://gizmodo.com/the-making-of-pillars-of-creation-one-of-the-most-amaz-1824297867] gizmodo.com (4/5/18) - The making of ‘Pillars of Creation,’ One of the most amazing images of our universe
+
[https://www.space.com/monster-black-hole-not-so-massive.html] space.com (12/12/19) - 'Monster Black Hole' Discovery Was Wrong — But That's How Science Progresses, Scientists Say
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-finds-an-einstein-ring] NASA (4/6/18) - Hubble Finds an Einstein Ring
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2019-247&rn=news.xml&rst=7561] JPL/NASA (12/13/19) - Celebrating 10 Years of the WISE Spacecraft
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2018-04-hubble-colossal-cluster.html] phys.org (4/13/18) - Hubble catches a colossal cluster
+
[https://www.space.com/milky-way-ancient-starburst-discovery-image-video.html] space.com (12/16/19) - Scientists Spot Ancient Star Burst in Milky Way's Heart in Stunning New Image
  
[http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/adam-block/pretty-pictures-of-the-cosmos-hidden-in-plain-sight.html] planetary.org (4/13/18) - Pretty Pictures of the Cosmos: Hidden in Plain Sight
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/images/galaxy-gathering-brings-warmth.html] NASA (12/18/19) - Galaxy Gathering Brings Warmth
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/celebrating-28-years-of-the-hubble-space-telescope] NASA (4/19/18) - Celebrating 28 years of Hubble space telescope
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/when-the-milky-way-erupted-in-100000-supernovae] astronomy.com (12/18/19) - When the Milky Way erupted in 100,000 supernovae
  
[https://www.colorado.edu/today/2018/04/18/black-hole-and-stellar-winds-form-giant-butterfly-shut-down-star-formation-galaxy] colorado.edu (4/18/18) - Black hole and stellar winds form giant butterfly, shut down star formation in galaxy
+
[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/stellar-mystery-how-could-100-stars-just-vanish-180973821/] airspacemag.com (12/18/19) - A Stellar Mystery: How Could 100 Stars Just Vanish?
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/two-hubble-views-of-the-same-stellar-nursery] NASA (4/19/18) - Two Hubble Views of the Same Stellar Nursery
+
[https://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1921/] eso.org (12/19/19) - ESO Observations Reveal Black Holes' Breakfast at the Cosmic Dawn
  
[https://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/us_5adbcceae4b075b631e65bce] huffpost.com (4/21/18) - NASA Releases Astounding Video Of The Lagoon Nebula To Celebrate Hubble’s Birthday
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-cores-massive-galaxies-billion-years.html] phys.org (12/19/19) - The 'cores' of massive galaxies had already formed 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spacecraft-update] NASA (4/24/18) - Hubble spacecraft update
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2019-252&rn=news.xml&rst=7564] JPL/NASA (12/19/19) - Spitzer Studies a Stellar Playground With a Long History
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/stellar-thief-is-the-surviving-companion-to-a-supernova] NASA (4/26/18) - Stellar Thief Is the Surviving Companion to a Supernova
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-s-fermi-mission-links-nearby-pulsar-s-gamma-ray-halo-to-antimatter-puzzle] NASA (12/19/19) - NASA’s Fermi Mission Links Nearby Pulsar’s Gamma-ray ‘Halo’ to Antimatter Puzzle
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/04/first-image-of-a-surviving-supernova-companion] astronomy.com (4/26/18) - Hubble captures first image of surviving companion to a supernova
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA23405] JPL/NASA (12/19/19) - Perseus Molecular Cloud
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spies-glowing-galaxies-in-massive-cluster] NASA (5/11/18) - Hubble Spies Glowing Galaxies in Massive Cluster
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-wise10136112-luminous-infrared-galaxies.html] phys.org (12/19/19) - WISE1013+6112 is one of the most luminous infrared galaxies, study finds
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-catches-a-spiral-galaxy-in-disguise] NASA (5/18/18) - Hubble Catches a Spiral Galaxy in Disguise
+
[https://futurism.com/the-byte/cosmic-candy-cane-milky-way-galaxy] futurism.com (12/20/19) - Scientists Discover “Cosmic Candy Cane” In Milky Way Galaxy
  
[https://www.astrobio.net/image-of-the-day/hubbles-galaxy-cluster-cornucopia/] astrobio.net (5/25/18) - Hubble’s galaxy cluster cornucopia
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_476.html] NASA (12/23/19) - Stellar Snowflake Cluster
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-s-dazzling-display-of-galaxies] NASA (6/6/18) - Hubble’s Dazzling Display of Galaxies
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-massive-gas-disk-planet-formation.html] phys.org (12/23/19) - Massive gas disk raises questions about planet formation theory
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-images-a-galaxy-with-threads-of-blue] NASA (6/8/18) - Hubble Images a Galaxy with Threads of Blue
+
[https://earthsky.org/space/betelgeuse-fainting-probably-not-about-to-explode] earthsky.org (12/23/19) - Betelgeuse is ‘fainting’ but (probably) not about to explode
  
[https://youtu.be/TpOwwe97PU4] YouTube - Astrum (7/5/18) - New and extraordinary Hubble discoveries
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-astronomers-violent-black-hole-outburst.html] phys.org (12/24/19) - Astronomers describe a violent black hole outburst that provides new insight into galaxy cluster evolution
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-and-gaia-team-up-to-fuel-cosmic-conundrum] NASA (7/12/18) - Hubble and Gaia Team Up to Fuel Cosmic Conundrum
+
[https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/an-extreme-pulsar-seen-in-gamma-rays/] skyandtelescope.com (12/24/19) - An Extreme Pulsar Seen in Gamma Rays
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/saturn-opposition-2018] NASA (7/26/18) - Hubble Takes Portrait of Opulent Ring World
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/12/betelgueses-bizarre-dimming-has-astronomers-scratching-their-heads] astronomy.com (12/27/19) - Betelguese's bizarre dimming has astronomers scratching their heads
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.vox.com/platform/amp/science-and-health/2018/7/27/17621488/hubble-telescope-photo-mars-opposition-saturn-rings] google.com - vox.com (7/27/18) - Hubble can see galaxies impossibly far away. Here’s what happens when it looks at Mars and Saturn.
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-giant-magnetic-ropes-whale-galaxy.html] phys.org (12/31/19) - Giant magnetic ropes seen in Whale Galaxy's halo
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-probes-the-distant-past] NASA (8/3/18) - Hubble Probes the Distant Past
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/galactic-pyrotechnics-from-23-million-light-years-away] NASA (12/31/19) - Galactic Pyrotechnics From 23 Million Light Years Away
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-paints-picture-of-the-evolving-universe] NASA (8/16/18) - Hubble Paints Picture of the Evolving Universe
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-to-announce-new-discoveries-at-annual-astronomy-meeting] NASA (12/31/19) - NASA to Announce New Discoveries at Annual Astronomy Meeting
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.cbc.ca/amp/1.4804790] google.com - CBC.ca (8/31/18) - Hubble telescope spots 'northern lights' on Saturn
+
=== 2020 ===
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-lucky-observation-of-an-enigmatic-cloud] NASA (8/31/18) - Hubble’s Lucky Observation of an Enigmatic Cloud
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-gmrt-gigantic-hydrogen-gas-distant.html] phys.org (1/2/20) - GMRT discovers a gigantic ring of hydrogen gas around a distant galaxy
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-peers-into-a-galaxys-dusty-haze] NASA (9/7/18) - Hubble Peers into a Galaxy’s Dusty Haze
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-planetary-nebula-wr-hydrogen-poor.html] phys.org (1/3/20) - Planetary nebula WR 72 has hydrogen-poor knots, study finds
  
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1816/] spacetelescope.org (9/13/18) - BUFFALO charges towards the earliest galaxies
+
[https://www.newscientist.com/article/2117098-cosmic-radio-bursts-tracked-to-home-galaxy-for-first-time/] newscientist.com (1/4/20) - Cosmic radio bursts tracked to home galaxy for first time
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-uncovers-never-before-seen-features-around-a-neutron-star] NASA (9/17/18) - Hubble Uncovers Never-Before-Seen Features Around a Neutron Star
+
[https://www.newscientist.com/article/2229019-mysterious-radio-signal-from-space-seems-to-have-suddenly-vanished/] newscientist.com (1/6/20) - Mysterious radio signal from space seems to have suddenly vanished
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-galaxies-with-knots-and-bursts] NASA (9/21/18) - Hubble’s Galaxies With Knots, Bursts
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2020/nasa-planet-hunter-finds-its-1st-earth-size-habitable-zone-world/] NASA (1/6/20) - NASA Planet Hunter Finds its 1st Earth-size Habitable-zone World
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-warped-view-of-the-universe] NASA (9/28/18) - Hubble’s Warped View of the Universe
+
[https://idp.nature.com/transit?redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nature.com%2Farticles%2Fd41586-019-03894-6&code=681f9f70-7c55-4871-b8b5-0bc5576ae0d0] nature.com (1/6/19) - Not all fast radio bursts are created equal
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spies-glittering-star-cluster-in-nearby-galaxy] NASA (10/19/18) - Hubble Spies Glittering Star Cluster in Nearby Galaxy
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[https://chandra.si.edu/press/20_releases/press_010620.html] chandra.si.edu (1/6/20) - Famous Black Hole Has Jet Pushing Cosmic Speed Limit
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-finds-smiling-face-in-a-hunt-for-newborn-stars] NASA (11/2/18) - Hubble Finds Smiling Face in a Hunt for Newborn Stars
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[https://arxiv.org/pdf/2001.01527.pdf] arxiv.org (1/6/20) - The distance of the long period Cepheid RS Puppis from its remarkable light echoes
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-captures-stars-across-generations] NASA (11/23/18) - Hubble Captures Stars Across Generations
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[https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/why-the-spitzer-space-telescope-matters/] scientificamerican.com (1/6/20) - Why the Spitzer Space Telescope Matters
  
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22914] JPL/NASA (12/10/18) - Bow Shock Around Young Star
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-tess-mission-uncovers-world-stars.html] phys.org (1/7/20) - TESS mission uncovers its first world with two stars
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-goes-deep] NASA (12/14/18) - Hubble Goes Deep
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[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/jan/07/astronomers-discover-huge-gaseous-wave-holding-milky-ways-newest-stars] theguardian.com (1/7/20) - Astronomers discover huge gaseous wave holding Milky Way's newest stars
  
[https://clipground.com/hubble-ultra-deep-field-clipart.html] clipground.com - Hubble ultra deep field clipart
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[https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-51021704] bbc.com (1/7/20) - Vast 'star nursery' region found in our galaxy
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.livescience.com/64332-black-holes-white-holes-quantum-gravity.html] google.com - livescience.com (12/1-12/25/18) - 2018 Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar
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[https://www.livescience.com/sharp-image-of-milky-way-center-mystery.html] livescience.com (1/7/20) - This Super-Sharp Image Could Help Explain the Milky Way's Strange Creamy Center
  
[http://hubblesite.org/image/4305/news_release/2019-01] hubblesite.org (1/7/19) - Triangulum Galaxy Messier 33 (M33)
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[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2020-003&rn=news.xml&rst=7570] JPL/NASA (1/7/20) - SOFIA Reveals How the Swan Nebula Hatched
  
[https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/hubble-camera-1.4972769] cbc.ca (1/10/19) - Hubble Space Telescope's main camera stops working
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[https://www.technologyandus.com/astronomers-have-traced-mysterious-repeating-radio-signal-across-space-to-an-unexpected-origin/] technologyandus.com (1/8/20) - Astronomers have traced mysterious, Repeating Radio Signal across Space to an Unexpected origin
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/01/hubble-takes-second-most-detailed-image-ever] astronomy.com (1/11/19) - Hubble takes second-most detailed image ever
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[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2020/01/a-ring-of-gas-discovered-circling-a-galaxy] astronomy.com (1/8/20) - A ring of gas discovered circling a galaxy
  
[https://www.space.com/43017-hubble-space-telescope-bouncing-back-glitch.html] space.com (1/16/19) - Hubble Space Telescope's Glitchy Eye Should Clear Up Soon
+
[https://www.660citynews.com/2020/01/08/u-of-c-radio-astronomy-group-discovers-giant-magnetic-field-structure-in-milky-way/] 660citynews.com (1/8/20) - U of C Radio Astronomy Group discovers giant magnetic field structure in Milky Way
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-01-astronomers-images-quasars-hubble-constant.html] phys.org (1/22/19) - Astronomers use split images of quasars to produce a new estimate of the Hubble constant
+
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/young-star-cluster-found-old-part-milky-way-galaxy?utm_source=email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=latest-newsletter-v2&utm_source=Latest_Headlines&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Latest_Headlines] sciencenews.org (1/9/20) - Young stars have been found in an old part of our galaxy
  
[https://www.cnet.com/news/new-hubble-view-is-deepest-image-of-the-universe-from-space/] cnet.com (1/24/19) - New Hubble view is 'deepest image of the universe from space'
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[https://www.livescience.com/magellanic-stars-inside-milky-way.html] livescience.com (1/9/20) - Our Galaxy Has Thousands of Alien Stars That Didn't Come from the Milky Way
  
[https://www.space.com/43105-triangulum-galaxy-hubble-telescope-photos.html] space.com (1/27/19) - Triangulum Galaxy Reveals Stunning Stellar Symmetry in Amazing Hubble Telescope Views
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[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/giant-wave-gas-star-nursery-lurks-near-our-solar-system] sciencenews.com (1/10/20) - A giant wave of gas lurks near our solar system
  
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-09] hubblesite.org (1/31/19) - Hubble Accidentally Discovers a New Galaxy in Cosmic Neighborhood
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[https://themilsource.com/scientists-repeating-signal-galaxy-2020/] themilsource.com (1/13/20) - Scientists discover origin of repeating signal from beyond our galaxy, but there's still more to learn
  
[https://bgr.com/2019/01/31/dwarf-galaxy-discovery-star-cluster-survey/] bgr.com (1/31/19) - Hubble just spotted a never-before-seen galaxy hiding in plain sight
+
[https://m.hindustantimes.com/world-news/china-s-giant-telescope-with-area-of-30-football-fields-goes-live/story-fMu1EWjHHgblcNVk8Ld8FN.html] hindustantimes.com (1/13/20) - China’s giant telescope with area of 30 football fields goes live
  
[https://www.space.com/43182-galaxy-plunges-toward-coma-cluster-hubble-photos.html] space.com (1/31/19) - Hubble Spies Doomed Spiral Galaxy Plunging Into Coma Cluster
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[https://medium.com/predict/record-of-the-milky-ways-galactic-collision-held-by-an-ancient-star-69e6ab92b44c] medium.com (1/13/20) - Record of the Milky Way’s galactic collision held by an ancient star
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-02-hubble-reveals-dynamic-atmospheres-uranus.html] phys.org (2/7/19) - Hubble reveals dynamic atmospheres of Uranus, Neptune
+
[https://mobile.twitter.com/aussiastronomer/status/1216941720408973313] mobile.twitter.com (1/13/20) - In case your local astronomer seems agitated, the big dog gravitational wave detector
 +
@LIGO just detected an ‘unknown or unanticipated’ burst of gravitational waves somewhere deep in space.
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-0909-9] nature.com (2/20/19) - The seventh inner moon of Neptune (by HST)
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[https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/latest/2020/01/tess-dates-an-ancient-collision-with-our-galaxy.aspx] birmingham.ac.uk (1/13/20) - TESS dates an ancient collision with our galaxy
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-peers-into-the-vast-distance] NASA (2/22/19) - Hubble Peers into the Vast Distance
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-betelgeuse-star-weird-dimming-rumors.html] phys.org (1/14/20) - Betelgeuse: Star's weird dimming sparks rumors that its death is imminent
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-shows-star-cluster-s-true-identity] NASA (3/15/19) - Hubble Shows Star Cluster’s True Identity
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[https://futurism.com/the-byte/china-colossal-alien-hunting-radio-telescope] futurism.com (1/14/20) - China finally boots up colossal alien-hunting radio telescope
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/hubble-captures-the-brilliant-heart-of-a-massive-galaxy] NASA (3/22/19) - Hubble Captures the Brilliant Heart of a Massive Galaxy
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[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-pays-tribute-says-goodbye-to-one-of-agency-s-great-observatories] nasa.gov (1/15/20) - NASA Pays Tribute, Says Goodbye to One of Agency’s Great Observatories (video)
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/03/hubble-catches-neptune-forming-new-massive-storms] astronomy.com (3/25/19) - Hubble catches Neptune forming new, massive storms
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[https://www.sciencealert.com/strange-objects-have-been-found-orbiting-our-galaxy-s-supermassive-black-hole] sciencealert.com (1/16/20) - Strange Objects Found at The Galactic Centre Are Like Nothing Else in The Milky Way
  
[https://www.space.com/rare-disintegrating-asteroid-hubble-photo.html] space.com (3/28/19) - Rare Disintegrating Asteroid Spied by Hubble Telescope (Photo)
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[https://videos.space.com/m/QSdhvAzL/crab-nebula-visualized-using-nasas-great-observatories-data?list=6DUiA9a3] space.com (1/16/20) - Crab Nebula Visualized Using NASA's 'Great Observatories' Data (video)
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-flock-of-cosmic-ducks/] NASA (3/29/19) - Hubble Spots Flock of Cosmic Ducks
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[http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/XMM-Newton_discovers_scorching_gas_in_Milky_Way_s_halo] esa.int (1/16/20) - XMM-Newton discovers scorching gas in Milky Way’s halo
  
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1907/?lang] spacetelescope.org (4/18/19) - Hubble Celebrates its 29th Birthday with Unrivaled View of the Southern Crab Nebula
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[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2020/01/four-strange-new-objects-found-around-the-milky-ways-huge-black-hole] astronomy.com (1/17/20) - Four strange new objects found around the Milky Way's huge black hole
  
[http://m.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2019/04/Southern_Crab_Nebula] esa.int (4/18/19) - Southern Crab Nebula
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===Hubble Space Telescope (HST)===
  
[https://aasnova.org/2019/04/24/hubble-confirms-interstellar-buckyballs/] aasnova.org (4/24/19) - Hubble Confirms Interstellar Buckyballs
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[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap971219.html] NASA - APOD (1997) - NGC 6826: The Blinking Eye
  
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-25] hubblesite.org (4/25/19) - Mystery of the Universe's Expansion Rate Widens with New Hubble Data
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[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap020909.html] NASA - APOD (2002) - Hoag's Object: A Strange Ring Galaxy
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-a-crowded-cluster] NASA (4/26/19) - Hubble Snaps a Crowded Cluster
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[http://www.spacetelescope.org/science/deep_fields/] spacetelescope.org - Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Ultra Deep Fields (1994, 2004), Infrared (2009) and eXtreme Deep Field (2012)
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/04/hubble-hints-todays-universe-expands-faster-than-it-did-in-the-past] astronomy.com (4/26/19) - Hubble hints today's universe expands faster than it did in the past
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[https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_283.html] NASA (2008) - HST Images Sombrero Galaxy
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65363-hubble-spies-buckyballs.html] livescience.com (4/30/19) - Hubble Spots Giant 'Buckyballs' Jiggling Like Jell-O in Space
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[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/hst_img_kuiper-smallest.html] NASA (12/16/09) - Hubble Finds Smallest Kuiper Belt Object Ever Seen
  
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1909/] spacetelescope.org (5/2/19) - Hubble Assembles Wide View of the Distant Universe
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[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/hd140283.html] NASA (3/7/13) - Hubble Finds Birth Certificate of Oldest Known Star
  
[https://www.cnet.com/news/hubble-reveals-soul-wrenching-view-of-the-distant-universe/?ftag=COS-05-10aaa1e] cnet.com (5/2/19) - Hubble reveals soul-wrenching view of the distant universe
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[https://hubblesite.org/image/3886/category/58-hubble-ultra-deep-field] hubblesite.org (6/3/14) - Hubble Ultra Deep Field
  
[http://hubblesite.org/image/4492/news_release/2019-17] hubblesite.org (5/3/19) - Hubble Legacy Field
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[https://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap141109.html] NASA (11/9/14) - APOD - The Cat’s Eye Nebula from Hubble
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-stunning-spiral-galaxy/] NASA (5/3/19) - Hubble Spots Stunning Spiral Galaxy
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[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2016/hubbles-blue-bubble] NASA (2/26/16) - Hubble's Blue Bubble
  
[https://www.engadget.com/2019/05/04/nasas-hubble-legacy-field-image/?guccounter=1] engadget.com (5/5/19) - NASA's Hubble Legacy Field image contains 16 years of data
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[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/WR_31a] Wikipedia - WR 31a (Blue Bubble Nebula)
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65414-hubble-telescope-creates-universe-mosaic.html] livescience.com (5/6/19) - Hubble Scientists Just Released the Most Detailed Picture of the Universe Ever
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[https://hubblesite.org/image/3725/gallery] hubblesite.org (4/21/16) - Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635)
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/05/06/astronomers-stitch-together-hubbles-best-hits-to-form-one-amazing-image/#.XNGa5RYpCEd] discoverymagazine.com (5/6/19) - Astronomers stitch together Hubble’s best hits to form one amazing image
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/hubble-reveals-observable-universe-contains-10-times-more-galaxies-than-previously-thought] NASA (10/13/16) - Hubble Reveals Observable Universe Contains 10 Times More Galaxies Than Previously Thought
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/galaxy-blazes-with-new-stars-born-from-close-encounter] NASA (5/16/19) - Galaxy Blazes With New Stars Born From Close Encounter
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[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/05/black-hole-sun] astronomy.com (5/25/17) - A star turned into a black hole before Hubble’s very eyes
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-05-hubble-astronomers-wide-view-evolving.html] phys.org (5/16/19) - Hubble astronomers assemble wide view of the evolving universe
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[https://www.photographytalk.com/photography-articles/8032-these-hubble-space-telescope-photos-will-absolutely-boggle-your-mind] photographytalk.com (2017) - These Hubble space telescope photos will absolutely boggle your mind
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-sees-a-galaxy-bucking-the-trend/] NASA (5/31/19) - Hubble Sees a Galaxy Bucking the Trend
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[http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/deeper-view-hubble-ultra-deep-field/] skyandtelescope.com (11/29/17) - A Deeper View of Hubble’s Ultra Deep Field
  
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-26] hubblesite.org (6/3/19) - A Pair of Fledgling Planets Directly Seen Growing Around a Young Star
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[https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2017/12/2017-hubble-space-telescope-advent-calendar/547232/] theatlantic.com (12/1/17) - 2017 Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/mature-galaxy-mesmerizes-in-new-hubble-view] NASA (6/7/19) - Mature Galaxy Mesmerizes in New Hubble View
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[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/all-the-glittering-stars] NASA (1/11/18) - All the Glittering Stars
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-image-mature-galaxy-mesmerizes-hubble.html] phys.org (6/7/19) - Image: Mature galaxy mesmerizes in new Hubble view
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[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2018-03] hubblesite.org (1/11/18) - Hubble Finds Substellar Objects in the Orion Nebula
  
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1911/] spacetelescope.com (6/13/19) - Hubble Observes Tiny Galaxy with Big Heart
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[http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1802/] spacetelescope.org (2/5/18) - Hubble delivers first insight into atmospheres of potentially habitable planets orbiting TRAPPIST-1
  
[https://phys.org/news/2019-06-hubble-tiny-galaxy-big-heart.amp] phys.org (6/13/19) - Hubble observes tiny galaxy with big heart
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[http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/galaxies/hubbles-view-of-little-blue-dots/] skyandtelescope.com (2/8/18) - Hubble’s View of Little Blue Dots
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-sets-sights-on-an-explosive-galaxy/] NASA (6/14/19) - Hubble Sets Sights on an Explosive Galaxy
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/improved-hubble-yardstick-gives-fresh-evidence-for-new-physics-in-the-universe] NASA (2/22/18) - Improved Hubble Yardstick Gives Fresh Evidence for New Physics in the Universe
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-hubble-tiny-electric-soccer-balls.html] phys.org (6/25/19) - Hubble finds tiny 'electric soccer balls' in space, helps solve interstellar mystery
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[https://www.space.com/39815-hubble-suggests-universe-expanding-faster-study.html] space.com (2/26/18) - The Universe Is Expanding Faster Than We Thought, Hubble Data Suggests
  
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-18#section-id-2] hubblesite.org (7/1/19) - Hubble captures the galaxy’s biggest ongoing stellar fireworks show
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[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2018-11] hubblesite.org (3/6/18) - Hubble Finds Huge System of Dusty Material Enveloping the Young Star HR 4796A
  
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-38#section-id-2] hubblesite.org (7/2/19) - Atmosphere of a mid-size planet revealed by Hubble and Spitzer
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[https://www.inverse.com/article/42187-hubble-finds-relic-galaxy-ngc-1277] inverse.com (3/12/18) - Hubble Just Found a "Relic Galaxy," and It's Absolutely Stunning
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-watches-stars-in-bloom] NASA (7/5/19) - Hubble Watches Stars in Bloom
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[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-exquisite-view-of-a-stellar-nursery] NASA (3/23/18) - Hubble’s Exquisite View of a Stellar Nursery
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-uncovers-black-hole-that-shouldnt-exist] NASA (7/11/19) - Hubble Uncovers Black Hole that Shouldn't Exist
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[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/04/03/most-distant-star/#.WsS8_yIpCEc] discovermagazine.com (4/3/18) - Hubble spots farthest star ever seen
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-peers-at-galactic-cherry-blossoms/] NASA (7/12/19) - Hubble Peers at Galactic Cherry Blossoms
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-makes-precise-distance-measurement-to-ancient-globular-cluster] NASA (4/4/18) Hubble Makes the First Precise Distance Measurement to an Ancient Globular Star Cluster (video)
  
[https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/hubble-just-saw-a-black-hole-that-isnt-supposed-to-exist?__source=Blastr_Vayner_syfy_Facebook&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=hubbleblackhole&utm_term=paid&utm_content=link_ad] syfy.com (7/16/19) - Hubble Just Saw A Black Hole That Isn’t Supposed To Exist
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[https://gizmodo.com/the-making-of-pillars-of-creation-one-of-the-most-amaz-1824297867] gizmodo.com (4/5/18) - The making of ‘Pillars of Creation,’ One of the most amazing images of our universe
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-a-stunning-spiral] NASA (7/19/19) - Hubble Spots a Stunning Spiral
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[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-finds-an-einstein-ring] NASA (4/6/18) - Hubble Finds an Einstein Ring
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-a-galactic-potpourri-of-particles] NASA (7/26/19) - Hubble Snaps a Galactic Potpourri of Particles
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[https://m.phys.org/news/2018-04-hubble-colossal-cluster.html] phys.org (4/13/18) - Hubble catches a colossal cluster
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/hubble-tension-headache-clashing-measurements-make-the-universes-expansion-a-lingering-mystery/] scientificamerican.com (7/29/19) - Hubble Tension Headache: Clashing Measurements Make the Universe’s Expansion a Lingering Mystery
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[http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/adam-block/pretty-pictures-of-the-cosmos-hidden-in-plain-sight.html] planetary.org (4/13/18) - Pretty Pictures of the Cosmos: Hidden in Plain Sight
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-new-portrait-of-jupiter] NASA (8/8/19) - Hubble's New Portrait of Jupiter
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[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/celebrating-28-years-of-the-hubble-space-telescope] NASA (4/19/18) - Celebrating 28 years of Hubble space telescope
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-catches-2-galaxies-at-play/] NASA (8/9/19) - Hubble Catches 2 Galaxies at Play
+
[https://www.colorado.edu/today/2018/04/18/black-hole-and-stellar-winds-form-giant-butterfly-shut-down-star-formation-galaxy] colorado.edu (4/18/18) - Black hole and stellar winds form giant butterfly, shut down star formation in galaxy
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-s-portrait-of-star-s-gaseous-glow] NASA (8/16/19) - Hubble’s Portrait of Star’s Gaseous Glow
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/two-hubble-views-of-the-same-stellar-nursery] NASA (4/19/18) - Two Hubble Views of the Same Stellar Nursery
  
[https://www.space.com/colliding-galaxies-cosmic-dance-hubble-photo.html] space.com (8/18/19) - Hubble Telescope Spots Two Galaxies in a Doomed (but Dazzling) Dance
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[https://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/us_5adbcceae4b075b631e65bce] huffpost.com (4/21/18) - NASA Releases Astounding Video Of The Lagoon Nebula To Celebrate Hubble’s Birthday
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-captures-dynamic-dying-star] NASA (8/23/10) - Hubble Captures Dynamic Dying Star
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[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spacecraft-update] NASA (4/24/18) - Hubble spacecraft update
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2016/hubble-views-final-stages-of-a-stars-life] NASA (8/30/19) - Hubble Views Final Stages of a Star’s Life
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/stellar-thief-is-the-surviving-companion-to-a-supernova] NASA (4/26/18) - Stellar Thief Is the Surviving Companion to a Supernova
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-09-hubble-explores-formation-evolution-star.html] phys.org (9/9/19) - Hubble explores the formation and evolution of star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/04/first-image-of-a-surviving-supernova-companion] astronomy.com (4/26/18) - Hubble captures first image of surviving companion to a supernova
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-s-hubble-finds-water-vapor-on-habitable-zone-exoplanet-for-1st-time/] NASA (9/11/19) - NASA’s Hubble Finds Water Vapor on Habitable-Zone Exoplanet for 1st Time
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spies-glowing-galaxies-in-massive-cluster] NASA (5/11/18) - Hubble Spies Glowing Galaxies in Massive Cluster
  
[https://sci.esa.int/web/hubble/-/hubble-finds-water-vapour-on-habitable-zone-exoplanet-for-the-first-time-heic1916-] sci.esa.int (9/11/19) - Hubble Finds Water Vapour on Habitable Zone Exoplanet for the First Time (HEIC1916)
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-catches-a-spiral-galaxy-in-disguise] NASA (5/18/18) - Hubble Catches a Spiral Galaxy in Disguise
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-takes-closer-look-at-not-so-dead-neighbor] NASA (9/20/19) - Hubble Takes Closer Look at Not-So-'Dead' Neighbor
+
[https://www.astrobio.net/image-of-the-day/hubbles-galaxy-cluster-cornucopia/] astrobio.net (5/25/18) - Hubble’s galaxy cluster cornucopia
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-spirals-profile] NASA (10/11/19) - Hubble Snaps Spiral's Profile
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-s-dazzling-display-of-galaxies] NASA (6/6/18) - Hubble’s Dazzling Display of Galaxies
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-observes-1st-confirmed-interstellar-comet/] NASA (10/16/19) - Hubble Observes 1st Confirmed Interstellar Comet
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-images-a-galaxy-with-threads-of-blue] NASA (6/8/18) - Hubble Images a Galaxy with Threads of Blue
  
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-53] hubblesite.org (10/16/19) - Hubble Confirms First Interstellar Comet
+
[https://youtu.be/TpOwwe97PU4] YouTube - Astrum (7/5/18) - New and extraordinary Hubble discoveries
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/10/hubble-reveals-that-galaxies-without-dark-matter-really-exist] astronomy.com (10/18/19) - Hubble reveals that galaxies without dark matter really exist
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-and-gaia-team-up-to-fuel-cosmic-conundrum] NASA (7/12/18) - Hubble and Gaia Team Up to Fuel Cosmic Conundrum
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snags-starry-galaxy/] NASA (10/18/19) - Hubble Snags Starry Galaxy
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/saturn-opposition-2018] NASA (7/26/18) - Hubble Takes Portrait of Opulent Ring World
  
[https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/new-measurement-hubble-constant-adds-cosmic-mystery] ucdavis.edu (10/23/19) - New Measurement of Hubble Constant Adds to Cosmic Mystery
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.vox.com/platform/amp/science-and-health/2018/7/27/17621488/hubble-telescope-photo-mars-opposition-saturn-rings] google.com - vox.com (7/27/18) - Hubble can see galaxies impossibly far away. Here’s what happens when it looks at Mars and Saturn.
  
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-51] hubblesite.org (10/28/19) - Hubble Captures Galaxies’ Ghostly Gaze
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-probes-the-distant-past] NASA (8/3/18) - Hubble Probes the Distant Past
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-views-a-not-so-lonely-galaxy/] NASA (11/1/19) - Hubble Views a Not-So-Lonely Galaxy
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-paints-picture-of-the-evolving-universe] NASA (8/16/18) - Hubble Paints Picture of the Evolving Universe
  
==Astrobiological Perspective==
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.cbc.ca/amp/1.4804790] google.com - CBC.ca (8/31/18) - Hubble telescope spots 'northern lights' on Saturn
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/starsgalaxies/search_life_I.html] NASA (2003) - The Search for Life in the Universe - By Neil deGrasse Tyson
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-lucky-observation-of-an-enigmatic-cloud] NASA (8/31/18) - Hubble’s Lucky Observation of an Enigmatic Cloud
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/everydaylife/jamestown-water-fs.html] NASA (2006) - Follow the Water
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-peers-into-a-galaxys-dusty-haze] NASA (9/7/18) - Hubble Peers into a Galaxy’s Dusty Haze
  
[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982208008051] sciencedirect.com (2008) - Tardigrades survive exposure to space in low Earth orbit
+
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1816/] spacetelescope.org (9/13/18) - BUFFALO charges towards the earliest galaxies
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polycyclic_aromatic_hydrocarbon] Wikipedia.org - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-uncovers-never-before-seen-features-around-a-neutron-star] NASA (9/17/18) - Hubble Uncovers Never-Before-Seen Features Around a Neutron Star
  
[https://youtu.be/A5lFeW1FWfo] YouTube - Anthony Beckett (2013) - The Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life - Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-galaxies-with-knots-and-bursts] NASA (9/21/18) - Hubble’s Galaxies With Knots, Bursts
  
[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013Sci...342.1346K] adsabs.harvard.edu (12/2013) - Phosphorus in the Young Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubbles-warped-view-of-the-universe] NASA (9/28/18) - Hubble’s Warped View of the Universe
  
[http://science.sciencemag.org/content/342/6164/1346] sciencemag.org (12/13/13) - Phosphorus in the Young Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-spies-glittering-star-cluster-in-nearby-galaxy] NASA (10/19/18) - Hubble Spies Glittering Star Cluster in Nearby Galaxy
  
[https://arxiv.org/abs/1312.0613] arxiv.org (2014) - The Habitable Epoch of the Early Universe - Abraham Loeb (Harvard)
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-finds-smiling-face-in-a-hunt-for-newborn-stars] NASA (11/2/18) - Hubble Finds Smiling Face in a Hunt for Newborn Stars
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/content/finding-life-beyond-earth-is-within-reach] NASA (2014) - Finding Life Beyond Earth is Within Reach
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-captures-stars-across-generations] NASA (11/23/18) - Hubble Captures Stars Across Generations
  
[https://youtu.be/B4hHt3bxaGQ] YouTube - Science at NASA (2014) - ScienceCasts: A Sudden Multiplication of Planets
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA22914] JPL/NASA (12/10/18) - Bow Shock Around Young Star
  
[https://youtu.be/F1x2SrUeWAg] YouTube - Discovery Magazine (2014) - Exoplanet Explosion - Google Hangout
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2018/hubble-goes-deep] NASA (12/14/18) - Hubble Goes Deep
  
[http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/2500008] HuffPost (2014) - Lee Speigel - Extraterrestrial Life Exists, Scientist Chandra Wickramasinghe Claims
+
[https://clipground.com/hubble-ultra-deep-field-clipart.html] clipground.com - Hubble ultra deep field clipart
  
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4322785/] ncbi.nlm.gov (2015) - The Curiousness of Curiosity
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.livescience.com/64332-black-holes-white-holes-quantum-gravity.html] google.com - livescience.com (12/1-12/25/18) - 2018 Hubble Space Telescope Advent Calendar
  
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/how-did-earth-get-its-water] sciencenews.org (2015) - How did Earth get its water?
+
[http://hubblesite.org/image/4305/news_release/2019-01] hubblesite.org (1/7/19) - Triangulum Galaxy Messier 33 (M33)
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/astronomers-probe-inner-region-of-young-star-and-its-planets/amp/?source=images] google.com - astrobio.net (2015) - Astronomers probe inner region of young star and its planets
+
[https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/hubble-camera-1.4972769] cbc.ca (1/10/19) - Hubble Space Telescope's main camera stops working
  
[https://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-nasa-search-alien-life-20150407-story,amp.html] LA Times (2015) - NASA announces we'll find extraterrestrial life in the next 10-20 years
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/01/hubble-takes-second-most-detailed-image-ever] astronomy.com (1/11/19) - Hubble takes second-most detailed image ever
  
[https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/09/28/nasa-water-means-life-on-mars-is-possible%3fcontext=amp] usnews.com (9/28/15) - Life on Mars? NASA Says It's a Possibility
+
[https://www.space.com/43017-hubble-space-telescope-bouncing-back-glitch.html] space.com (1/16/19) - Hubble Space Telescope's Glitchy Eye Should Clear Up Soon
  
[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/odds-were-only-technologically-advanced-species-universe-are-extremely-low-180958975/] Air&Space Magazine (2016) - The Odds That We’re the Only Advanced Species in the Galaxy Are One in 60 Billion
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-01-astronomers-images-quasars-hubble-constant.html] phys.org (1/22/19) - Astronomers use split images of quasars to produce a new estimate of the Hubble constant
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/origin-and-evolution-of-life/lifes-building-blocks-form-in-replicated-deep-sea-vents/amp/] astrobiology.net (2016) - Life’s Building Blocks Form In Replicated Deep Sea Vents
+
[https://www.cnet.com/news/new-hubble-view-is-deepest-image-of-the-universe-from-space/] cnet.com (1/24/19) - New Hubble view is 'deepest image of the universe from space'
  
[https://www.space.com/32729-earths-blue-color-signals-life.html] space.com (2016) - Could Earth's Light Blue Color Be a Signature of Life?
+
[https://www.space.com/43105-triangulum-galaxy-hubble-telescope-photos.html] space.com (1/27/19) - Triangulum Galaxy Reveals Stunning Stellar Symmetry in Amazing Hubble Telescope Views
  
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/06/12/opinion/sunday/yes-there-have-been-aliens.html?_r=1&referer=http://www.openminds.tv/daily-ufo-headlines-6132016/37616] New York Times (2016) - Yes There Have Been Aliens - Drake Equation - Updated with Kepler data 
+
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-09] hubblesite.org (1/31/19) - Hubble Accidentally Discovers a New Galaxy in Cosmic Neighborhood
  
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/a-four-planet-system-in-orbit-directly-imaged-and-remarkable/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (1/25/17) - A Four Planet System in Orbit, Directly Imaged and Remarkable
+
[https://bgr.com/2019/01/31/dwarf-galaxy-discovery-star-cluster-survey/] bgr.com (1/31/19) - Hubble just spotted a never-before-seen galaxy hiding in plain sight
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.theatlantic.com/amp/article/520908/] Google.com - theatlantic.com (3/28/17) - The Quest to Kill the Superbug That Can Survive in Outer Space
+
[https://www.space.com/43182-galaxy-plunges-toward-coma-cluster-hubble-photos.html] space.com (1/31/19) - Hubble Spies Doomed Spiral Galaxy Plunging Into Coma Cluster
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/water-ice-found-near-mars-s-equator-could-entice-colonists-and-life-seekers] sciencemag.org (8/16/17) - Water ice found near Mars’s equator could entice colonists and life-seekers
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-02-hubble-reveals-dynamic-atmospheres-uranus.html] phys.org (2/7/19) - Hubble reveals dynamic atmospheres of Uranus, Neptune
  
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-09-cosmic-trail-uncovered-herschel.amp] phys.org (9/19/17) - The cosmic water trail uncovered by Herschel - Video
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-0909-9] nature.com (2/20/19) - The seventh inner moon of Neptune (by HST)
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/aeon.co/amp/ideas/to-find-aliens-we-must-think-of-life-as-we-dont-know-it] Google.com - aeon.co (9/19/17) - To find aliens, we must think of life as we don’t know it
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-peers-into-the-vast-distance] NASA (2/22/19) - Hubble Peers into the Vast Distance
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/nasa-improves-search-for-habitable-worlds] NASA (10/19/17) - New NASA Study Improves Search for Habitable Worlds
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-shows-star-cluster-s-true-identity] NASA (3/15/19) - Hubble Shows Star Cluster’s True Identity
  
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-10-nasa-habitable-worlds.amp] phys.org (10/20/17) - New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/hubble-captures-the-brilliant-heart-of-a-massive-galaxy] NASA (3/22/19) - Hubble Captures the Brilliant Heart of a Massive Galaxy
  
[http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1732/] eso.org (10/2/17) - ALMA and Rosetta Detect Freon-40 in Space
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/03/hubble-catches-neptune-forming-new-massive-storms] astronomy.com (3/25/19) - Hubble catches Neptune forming new, massive storms
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.science.org.au/curious/space-time/smells-space%3famp] science.org (10/10/17) - The smells of space
+
[https://www.space.com/rare-disintegrating-asteroid-hubble-photo.html] space.com (3/28/19) - Rare Disintegrating Asteroid Spied by Hubble Telescope (Photo)
  
[https://www.nypost.com/2017/10/31/20-earth-like-planets-found-hiding-in-plain-sight/amp/] nypost.com (10/31/17) - 20 Earth-like planets found ‘hiding in plain sight’
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-flock-of-cosmic-ducks/] NASA (3/29/19) - Hubble Spots Flock of Cosmic Ducks
  
[https://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00476] arxiv.org (11/1/17) - The mysterious 6565Å absorption feature of the Galactic halo
+
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1907/?lang] spacetelescope.org (4/18/19) - Hubble Celebrates its 29th Birthday with Unrivaled View of the Southern Crab Nebula
  
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-11-aliens.amp] phys.org (11/1/17) - Aliens may be more like us than we think
+
[http://m.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2019/04/Southern_Crab_Nebula] esa.int (4/18/19) - Southern Crab Nebula
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/atmospheric-beacons-guide-nasa-scientists-in-search-for-life] NASA (11/2/17) - Atmospheric Beacons Guide NASA Scientists in Search for Life
+
[https://aasnova.org/2019/04/24/hubble-confirms-interstellar-buckyballs/] aasnova.org (4/24/19) - Hubble Confirms Interstellar Buckyballs
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/11/life-in-dust] astronomy.com (11/21/17) - Did life hitchhike through the Solar System?
+
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-25] hubblesite.org (4/25/19) - Mystery of the Universe's Expansion Rate Widens with New Hubble Data
  
[https://www.space.com/38846-space-dust-panspermia-alien-life.html] space.com (11/21/17) - Space Dust Could Help Life Jump from Planet to Planet
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-a-crowded-cluster] NASA (4/26/19) - Hubble Snaps a Crowded Cluster
  
[https://www.astrobio.net/mars/salty-antarctic-pond-replica-mars-water/] astrobiology.net (11/23/17) - Salty Antarctic pond could be a replica of Mars’ water
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/04/hubble-hints-todays-universe-expands-faster-than-it-did-in-the-past] astronomy.com (4/26/19) - Hubble hints today's universe expands faster than it did in the past
  
[https://www.ras.org.uk/news-and-press/3074-traces-of-life-on-nearest-exoplanets-may-be-hidden-in-equatorial-trap] ras.org.uk (11/28/17) - Traces of life on nearest exoplanets may be hidden in equatorial trap
+
[https://www.livescience.com/65363-hubble-spies-buckyballs.html] livescience.com (4/30/19) - Hubble Spots Giant 'Buckyballs' Jiggling Like Jell-O in Space
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/www.newsweek.com/russian-astronaut-says-alien-life-found-space-station-did-not-come-earth-724445%3famp=1] google.com - Newsweek.com (11/28/17) - Russian astronaut says ‘alien life’ found on space station did not come from Earth
+
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1909/] spacetelescope.org (5/2/19) - Hubble Assembles Wide View of the Distant Universe
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2017/11/bacteria-international-space-station-germy-humans-spd] google.com - nationalgeographic.com (11/28/17) - Bacteria on Space Station Likely From Germy Humans, Not Aliens
+
[https://www.cnet.com/news/hubble-reveals-soul-wrenching-view-of-the-distant-universe/?ftag=COS-05-10aaa1e] cnet.com (5/2/19) - Hubble reveals soul-wrenching view of the distant universe
  
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-12-hydrothermal-vent-enceladus-earth.amp] phys.org (12/1/17) - Hydrothermal vent experiments bring Enceladus to Earth
+
[http://hubblesite.org/image/4492/news_release/2019-17] hubblesite.org (5/3/19) - Hubble Legacy Field
  
[https://www.engadget.com/amp/2017/12/04/life-on-icy-worlds-with-subsurface-oceans/] engadget.com (12/4/17) - Life may be easier to find on planets outside the ‘habitable zone’
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-stunning-spiral-galaxy/] NASA (5/3/19) - Hubble Spots Stunning Spiral Galaxy
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.nbcnews.com/mach/amp/ncna827921] google.com - nbcnews.com (12/10/17) - New discovery could change the way we look for alien life
+
[https://www.engadget.com/2019/05/04/nasas-hubble-legacy-field-image/?guccounter=1] engadget.com (5/5/19) - NASA's Hubble Legacy Field image contains 16 years of data
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2017-12-astrobiologist-visionary-legacy-carl-sagan.html#jCp] phys.org (12/11/17) - Astrobiologist's visionary model builds on the legacy of Carl Sagan's explanation for the 'faint young Sun paradox'
+
[https://www.livescience.com/65414-hubble-telescope-creates-universe-mosaic.html] livescience.com (5/6/19) - Hubble Scientists Just Released the Most Detailed Picture of the Universe Ever
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/sciencetrends.com/nasa-astronauts-just-found-life-surface-international-space-station/amp/] google.com - sciencetrends.com (12/11/17) - NASA Astronauts Just Found Life On The Surface Of The International Space Station
+
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/05/06/astronomers-stitch-together-hubbles-best-hits-to-form-one-amazing-image/#.XNGa5RYpCEd] discoverymagazine.com (5/6/19) - Astronomers stitch together Hubble’s best hits to form one amazing image
  
[http://astrobiology.com/2017/12/lifes-building-blocks-observed-in-spacelike-environment---did-life-originate-in-space.html] astrobiology.com (12/12/17) - Life's Building Blocks Observed in Spacelike Environment - Did life originate in space?
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/galaxy-blazes-with-new-stars-born-from-close-encounter] NASA (5/16/19) - Galaxy Blazes With New Stars Born From Close Encounter
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/futurism.com/scientists-find-new-evidence-life-begun-space/amp/] google.com - futurism.com (12/17/17) - Scientists Find New Evidence That Life Could Have Begun In Space
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-05-hubble-astronomers-wide-view-evolving.html] phys.org (5/16/19) - Hubble astronomers assemble wide view of the evolving universe
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/genes-in-space-3-successfully-identifies-unknown-microbes-in-space] NASA (12/18/17) - Genes in Space-3 Successfully Identifies Unknown Microbes in Space
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-sees-a-galaxy-bucking-the-trend/] NASA (5/31/19) - Hubble Sees a Galaxy Bucking the Trend
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/amp.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2017/12/nasa_is_pivoting_to_astrobiology.html] google.com - slate.com (12/21/17) - NASA Is Pivoting to Astrobiology
+
[http://hubblesite.org/news_release/news/2019-26] hubblesite.org (6/3/19) - A Pair of Fledgling Planets Directly Seen Growing Around a Young Star
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171229135307.htm] sciencedaily.com (12/29/17) - Genes in Space-3 successfully identifies unknown microbes in space
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/mature-galaxy-mesmerizes-in-new-hubble-view] NASA (6/7/19) - Mature Galaxy Mesmerizes in New Hubble View
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/39254-astronauts-sequence-microbes-dna-in-space.html] google.com - space.com (1/2/18) - Astronauts Identify Mystery Microbes in Space for the 1st Time
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-image-mature-galaxy-mesmerizes-hubble.html] phys.org (6/7/19) - Image: Mature galaxy mesmerizes in new Hubble view
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-01-ingredients-life-revealed-meteorites-fell.amp] google.com - phys.org (1/10/18) - Ingredients for life revealed in meteorites that fell to Earth
+
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1911/] spacetelescope.com (6/13/19) - Hubble Observes Tiny Galaxy with Big Heart
  
[https://public.nrao.edu/news/2018-gbt-chemistry/#PRimage2] public.nrao.edu (1/11/18) - GBT Detection Unlocks Exploration of ‘Aromatic’ Interstellar Chemistry
+
[https://phys.org/news/2019-06-hubble-tiny-galaxy-big-heart.amp] phys.org (6/13/19) - Hubble observes tiny galaxy with big heart
  
[http://astronomy.com/news/2018/01/the-hunt-for-viruses-in-space] astronomy.com (1/22/18) - The hunt for viruses in space
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-sets-sights-on-an-explosive-galaxy/] NASA (6/14/19) - Hubble Sets Sights on an Explosive Galaxy
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/39476-alien-life-biosignature-gases-oxygen.html] google.com - space.com (1/24/18) - Alien Life Hunt: Oxygen Isn't the Only Possible Sign of Life
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-hubble-tiny-electric-soccer-balls.html] phys.org (6/25/19) - Hubble finds tiny 'electric soccer balls' in space, helps solve interstellar mystery
  
[http://www.newsweek.com/biosignatures-extraterrestrial-life-chemicals-790410] Newsweek.com (1/25/18) - Alien life: Weird ‘biosignatures’ help scientists hunt for extraterrestrial life
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-18#section-id-2] hubblesite.org (7/1/19) - Hubble captures the galaxy’s biggest ongoing stellar fireworks show
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180130152212.htm] sciencedaily.com (1/30/18) - Stellar embryos in nearby dwarf galaxy contain surprisingly complex organic molecules
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-38#section-id-2] hubblesite.org (7/2/19) - Atmosphere of a mid-size planet revealed by Hubble and Spitzer
  
[http://astrobiology.com/2018/02/on-the-bio-habitability-of-m-dwarf-planets.html] astrobiology.com (2/1/18) - On The Bio-habitability Of M-dwarf Planets
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-watches-stars-in-bloom] NASA (7/5/19) - Hubble Watches Stars in Bloom
  
[https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2018/02/black-hole-blasts-may-transform-mini-neptunes-into-rocky-worlds/] news.harvard.edu (2/17/18) - Black hole blasts may transform ‘mini-Neptunes’ into rocky worlds
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-uncovers-black-hole-that-shouldnt-exist] NASA (7/11/19) - Hubble Uncovers Black Hole that Shouldn't Exist
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/nasa-s-webb-telescope-to-make-a-splash-in-search-for-interstellar-water] NASA (3/9/18) - NASA’s Webb Telescope to Make a Splash in Search for Interstellar Water
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-peers-at-galactic-cherry-blossoms/] NASA (7/12/19) - Hubble Peers at Galactic Cherry Blossoms
  
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43335368] bbc.com (3/9/18) - Alien atmospheres recreated on Earth
+
[https://www.syfy.com/syfywire/hubble-just-saw-a-black-hole-that-isnt-supposed-to-exist?__source=Blastr_Vayner_syfy_Facebook&utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=hubbleblackhole&utm_term=paid&utm_content=link_ad] syfy.com (7/16/19) - Hubble Just Saw A Black Hole That Isn’t Supposed To Exist
  
[https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/aerospace/space-flight/sxsw-2018-looking-for-life-on-europa-enceladus-and-titan] spectrum.ieee.org (3/12/18) - SXSW 2018: Looking For Life on Europa, Enceladus, and Titan
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-a-stunning-spiral] NASA (7/19/19) - Hubble Spots a Stunning Spiral
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/like-ancient-snowball-earth-frozen-planets-may-still-be-habitable/] scientificamerican.com (3/13/18) - Like Ancient Snowball Earth, Frozen Planets May Still Be Habitable
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-a-galactic-potpourri-of-particles] NASA (7/26/19) - Hubble Snaps a Galactic Potpourri of Particles
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/nasa-clean-room-contaminated-fungus] sciencemag.org (3/23/18) - NASA ‘clean’ room is contaminated with fungus
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/hubble-tension-headache-clashing-measurements-make-the-universes-expansion-a-lingering-mystery/] scientificamerican.com (7/29/19) - Hubble Tension Headache: Clashing Measurements Make the Universe’s Expansion a Lingering Mystery
  
[https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/04/02/598813352/is-humanity-unusual-in-the-cosmos] npr.org (4/2/18) - Is Humanity Unusual In The Cosmos?
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-new-portrait-of-jupiter] NASA (8/8/19) - Hubble's New Portrait of Jupiter
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/are-water-worlds-habitable/] scientificamerican.com (4/5/18) - Are Water Worlds Habitable?
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-catches-2-galaxies-at-play/] NASA (8/9/19) - Hubble Catches 2 Galaxies at Play
  
[http://www.techtimes.com/articles/224437/20180405/substantial-lack-of-phosphorus-in-the-universe-makes-finding-alien-life-unlikely.htm] techtimes.com (4/5/18) - Substantial Lack Of Phosphorus In The Universe Makes Finding Alien Life Unlikely
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-s-portrait-of-star-s-gaseous-glow] NASA (8/16/19) - Hubble’s Portrait of Star’s Gaseous Glow
  
[https://www.livescience.com/62248-extraterrestrial-life-phosphorus.html] livescience.com (4/8/18) - Why Extraterrestrial Life May Be More Unlikely Than Scientists Thought
+
[https://www.space.com/colliding-galaxies-cosmic-dance-hubble-photo.html] space.com (8/18/19) - Hubble Telescope Spots Two Galaxies in a Doomed (but Dazzling) Dance
  
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2018/04/13/science/virosphere-evolution.html] nytimes.com (4/13/18) - Trillions Upon Trillions of Viruses Fall From the Sky Each Day
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-captures-dynamic-dying-star] NASA (8/23/10) - Hubble Captures Dynamic Dying Star
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/40350-saturn-core-critical-jupiter-moon-formation.html] google.com - space.com (4/19/18) - Saturn May Be the Missing Piece in the Puzzle of Jupiter's Moons
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2016/hubble-views-final-stages-of-a-stars-life] NASA (8/30/19) - Hubble Views Final Stages of a Star’s Life
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/Back_To_Nucleic_Basics_DNA] NASA (4/24/18) - Back to (Nucleic) Bases - Studying DNA aboard the International Space Station
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-09-hubble-explores-formation-evolution-star.html] phys.org (9/9/19) - Hubble explores the formation and evolution of star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud
  
[https://www.exocast.org/exocast-24b/] exocast.org (4/30/18) - Exocast-24b: alpha centuri, direct imiging, Enceledus, exoplanet, HAT, instrumentation, K2, KELT, Kepler, Ross 128b, scuba diving, Titan, WASP
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/nasa-s-hubble-finds-water-vapor-on-habitable-zone-exoplanet-for-1st-time/] NASA (9/11/19) - NASA’s Hubble Finds Water Vapor on Habitable-Zone Exoplanet for 1st Time
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-awards-grants-for-research-into-life-in-universe] NASA (5/9/18) - NASA Awards Grants for Research into Life in Universe
+
[https://sci.esa.int/web/hubble/-/hubble-finds-water-vapour-on-habitable-zone-exoplanet-for-the-first-time-heic1916-] sci.esa.int (9/11/19) - Hubble Finds Water Vapour on Habitable Zone Exoplanet for the First Time (HEIC1916)
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/how-small-bodies-are-playing-a-big-role-in-planetary-science/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (5/14/18) - How small bodies are playing a big role in planetary science
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-takes-closer-look-at-not-so-dead-neighbor] NASA (9/20/19) - Hubble Takes Closer Look at Not-So-'Dead' Neighbor
  
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/planets-in-the-goldilocks-zone-may-be-snowballs] cosmosmagazine.com (5/21/18) - Planets in the Goldilocks zone may be snowballs
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snaps-spirals-profile] NASA (10/11/19) - Hubble Snaps Spiral's Profile
  
[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/how-test-cosmic-zoo-hypothesis-180969174/#T7xHWg8PvO00BVEQ.99] airspacemag.com (5/24/18) - How to Test the Cosmic Zoo Hypothesis
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/hubble-observes-1st-confirmed-interstellar-comet/] NASA (10/16/19) - Hubble Observes 1st Confirmed Interstellar Comet
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/how-stratospheric-life-is-teaching-us-about-the-possibility-of-extreme-life-on-other-worlds/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (5/24/18) - How stratospheric life is teaching us about the possibility of extreme life on other worlds
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-53] hubblesite.org (10/16/19) - Hubble Confirms First Interstellar Comet
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/ames/nasa-dives-deep-into-the-search-for-life] NASA (5/30/18) - NASA Dives Deep into the Search for Life
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/10/hubble-reveals-that-galaxies-without-dark-matter-really-exist] astronomy.com (10/18/19) - Hubble reveals that galaxies without dark matter really exist
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139399/are-there-enough-chemicals-on-icy-worlds-to-support-life/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (6/6/18) - Are There Enough Chemicals on Icy Worlds to Support Life?
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-snags-starry-galaxy/] NASA (10/18/19) - Hubble Snags Starry Galaxy
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05438-w] nature.com (6/13/18) - NASA captures the primordial dust that formed the planets
+
[https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/new-measurement-hubble-constant-adds-cosmic-mystery] ucdavis.edu (10/23/19) - New Measurement of Hubble Constant Adds to Cosmic Mystery
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/BEST_DNA_RNA] NASA (6/14/18) - Investigation Tests BEST Method of DNA and RNA Sequencing
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-51] hubblesite.org (10/28/19) - Hubble Captures Galaxies’ Ghostly Gaze
  
[https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/186732/new-type-photosynthesis-discovered/] imperial.ac.uk (6/15/18) - New type of photosynthesis discovered
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-views-a-not-so-lonely-galaxy/] NASA (11/1/19) - Hubble Views a Not-So-Lonely Galaxy
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/40898-low-light-bacteria-mars-colonization.html] google.com - space.com (6/15/18) - Weird Low-Light Bacteria Could Potentially Thrive on Mars
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-a-curious-spiral/] NASA (11/15/19) - Hubble Spots a Curious Spiral
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/weird-low-light-bacteria-could-potentially-thrive-on-mars/] scientificamerican.com (6/18/18) - Weird Low-Light Bacteria Could Potentially Thrive on Mars
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-44#section-id-2] hubblesite.org (11/18/19) - A Weakened Black Hole Allows Its Galaxy To Awaken
  
[https://www.space.com/40917-early-earth-habitability-alien-life.html] space.com (6/18/18) - Early Earth's Habitability Could Boost the Chances of Alien Life
+
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/nsfc-hsg112019.php] eurekalert.org (11/20/19) - Hubble studies gamma-ray burst with highest energy ever seen
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139467/new-model-predicts-that-were-probably-the-only-advanced-civilization-in-the-observable-universe/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (6/21/18) - New Model Predicts That We’re Probably the Only Advanced Civilization in the Observable Universe
+
[https://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1921/] spacetelescope.org (11/20/19) - Hubble Studies Gamma-Ray Burst with the Highest Energy Ever Seen
  
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/research/astrobiology-at-nasa/habitable-worlds/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (6/22/18) - Habitable Worlds
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-detects-dynamic-galactic-duo/] NASA (11/29/19) - Hubble Detects Dynamic Galactic Duo
  
[https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/news/1512/will-we-know-life-when-we-see-it-nasa-led-group-takes-stock-of-the-science/] NASA (6/25/18) - Will we know life when we see it? NASA-led group takes stock of the science
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2019/hubble-spots-galaxy-dramatic-details/] NASA (12/6/19) - Hubble Spots Galaxy’s Dramatic Details
  
[https://ucrtoday.ucr.edu/54211/amp] ucrtoday.ucr.edu (6/25/18) - UCR Team Among Scientists Developing Guidebook for Finding Life Beyond Earth
+
[https://medium.com/@roblea_63049/hubble-catches-interstellar-visitor-speeding-past-the-sun-796d953d1b2b] medium.com (12/12/19) - Hubble catches interstellar visitor speeding past the Sun
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-06-climbing-ladder-life.amp] google.com - phys.org (6/25/18) - Climbing the ladder to life detection
+
[https://spaceflightnow.com/2019/12/15/hubble-catches-best-glimpse-yet-of-interstellar-interloper/] spaceflightnow.com (12/15/19) - Hubble catches best glimpse yet of interstellar interloper
  
[https://www.space.com/40989-signs-of-alien-life.html] space.com (6/25/18) - Water May Not Be the Only Sign of Alien Life
+
[http://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2019/12/Hubble_s_celestial_peanut] esa.int (12/16/19) - Hubble’s celestial peanut
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180625192648.htm] sciencedaily.com (6/25/18) - Scientists developing guidebook for finding life beyond Earth
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2019/news-2019-60] hubblesite.org (12/19/19) - ‘Cotton Candy’ Planet Mysteries Unravel In New Hubble Observations
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-06-life-space.amp] google.com - phys.org (6/26/18) - How to find signs of life in space
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/exploring-the-night-sky-with-hubble-s-caldwell-catalog/] NASA (12/30/19) - Exploring the Night Sky with Hubble’s Caldwell Catalog
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/27/space-is-full-of-dirty-toxic-grease-scientists-reveal] google.com - theguardian.com (6/27/18) - Space is full of dirty, toxic grease, scientists reveal.com (6/27/18) - Space is full of dirty toxic grease
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2020/hubble-sights-galaxy-s-celestial-sequins] NASA (1/3/20) - Hubble Sights Galaxy’s Celestial Sequins
  
[https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2017.1656] libertpub.com (7/1/18) - How to Detect Life on Icy Moons
+
[https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2020/news-2020-06] hubblesite.org (1/8/20) - Goldilocks stars are best places to look for life
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.technologyreview.com/s/611588/first-evidence-that-amino-acids-formed-soon-after-the-big-bang/amp/] google.com - technologyreview.com (7/9/18) - First evidence that amino acids formed soon after the Big Bang
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-hubble-smallest-dark-clumps.html] phys.org (1/9/20) - Hubble detects smallest known dark matter clumps
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139597/new-research-raises-hopes-for-finding-life-on-mars-pluto-and-icy-moons/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (7/11/18) - New Research Raises Hopes For Finding Life On Mars, Pluto And Icy Moons
+
==Astrobiological Perspective==
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/chemical_gardens_ISS] NASA (7/19/18) - It’s (Not) Alive: Chemical Gardens in Space
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/starsgalaxies/search_life_I.html] NASA (2003) - The Search for Life in the Universe - By Neil deGrasse Tyson
  
[https://res.mdpi.com/def50200cfa846d22f1afa160881af26f17b73f0bf6a65cbc636a58efe0023c8eb854de39f4cd8bf3e53032c3300a9f27947e771112d5f7b49054d35c664c1922a63e4fe541aa4e27dc049fcc8f04c2f78d837333e30464404a0324d0cec193ef3562b7e86db26d1506ba15b20e55c11a6c6d2992f7560ec00df168f701e7cb5e66a37ea2f1f6489c4d3539fe6a4d86d3f31b1d4e934d2bd7d2ee903?filename=&attachment=1] mdpi.com (7/26/18) - A More Comprehensive Habitable Zone for Finding Life on Other Planets
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/everydaylife/jamestown-water-fs.html] NASA (2006) - Follow the Water
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/www.labmanager.com/news/2018/07/plate-tectonics-not-needed-to-sustain-life/amp] google.com - labmanager.com (7/31/18) - Plate Tectonics Not Needed to Sustain Life
+
[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982208008051] sciencedirect.com (2008) - Tardigrades survive exposure to space in low Earth orbit
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/mysterious-lunar-swirls-point-to-moons-volcanic-magnetic-past/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (9/7/18) - Mysterious ‘lunar swirls’ point to moon’s volcanic, magnetic past
+
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polycyclic_aromatic_hydrocarbon] Wikipedia.org - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-phosphorus-cold.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/7/18) - How phosphorus came in from the cold
+
[https://youtu.be/A5lFeW1FWfo] YouTube - Anthony Beckett (2013) - The Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life - Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-search-for-et-may-be-missing-life-on-low-oxygen-worlds/] scientificamerican.com (October 2018 issue) - The Search for ET May Be Missing Life on Low-Oxygen Worlds
+
[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013Sci...342.1346K] adsabs.harvard.edu (12/2013) - Phosphorus in the Young Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-ancestors-rna.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/17/18) - New study identifies possible ancestors of RNA
+
[http://science.sciencemag.org/content/342/6164/1346] sciencemag.org (12/13/13) - Phosphorus in the Young Supernova Remnant Cassiopeia A
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/what-recipes-produce-a-habitable-planet/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (9/18/18) - What recipes produce a habitable planet?
+
[https://arxiv.org/abs/1312.0613] arxiv.org (2014) - The Habitable Epoch of the Early Universe - Abraham Loeb (Harvard)
  
[https://harvard.voxcharta.org/2018/09/18/the-widespread-presence-of-nanometer-size-dust-grains-in-the-interstellar-medium-of-galaxies/] harvard.voxcharta.org (9/18/18) - The widespread presence of nanometer-size dust grains in the interstellar medium of galaxies
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/content/finding-life-beyond-earth-is-within-reach] NASA (2014) - Finding Life Beyond Earth is Within Reach
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-candy-pink-lagoon-salt-rich-diet-potential.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/20/18) - Candy-pink lagoon serves up salt-rich diet for potential life on Mars
+
[https://youtu.be/B4hHt3bxaGQ] YouTube - Science at NASA (2014) - ScienceCasts: A Sudden Multiplication of Planets
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06415-7] nature.com (9/21/18) - An interstellar synthesis of phosphorus oxoacids
+
[https://youtu.be/F1x2SrUeWAg] YouTube - Discovery Magazine (2014) - Exoplanet Explosion - Google Hangout
  
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2018/09/astronomers-use-earths-history-guide-spot-vegetation-new-worlds] cornell.edu (9/24/18) - Astronomers use Earth’s history as guide to spot vegetation on new worlds
+
[http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/2500008] HuffPost (2014) - Lee Speigel - Extraterrestrial Life Exists, Scientist Chandra Wickramasinghe Claims
  
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/key-molecular-building-blocks-may-have-come-from-space] cosmosmagazine.com (9/27/18) - Key molecular building blocks may have come from space
+
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4322785/] ncbi.nlm.gov (2015) - The Curiousness of Curiosity
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/did-key-building-blocks-for-life-come-from-deep-space/amp/] astrobio.net (9/28/18) - Did key building blocks for life come from deep space?
+
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/how-did-earth-get-its-water] sciencenews.org (2015) - How did Earth get its water?
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/a-universe-aglow/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (10/3/18) - A Universe Aglow
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/astronomers-probe-inner-region-of-young-star-and-its-planets/amp/?source=images] google.com - astrobio.net (2015) - Astronomers probe inner region of young star and its planets
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/10/liquid-crystals-could-give-rise-to-life-on-earth] astronomy.com (10/4/18) - Liquid crystals of RNA could explain how life started on Earth
+
[https://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-nasa-search-alien-life-20150407-story,amp.html] LA Times (2015) - NASA announces we'll find extraterrestrial life in the next 10-20 years
  
[https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4303/breathing_life_into_our_planet_and_others] leeds.ac.uk (10/5/18) - Breathing life into our planet and others
+
[https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/09/28/nasa-water-means-life-on-mars-is-possible%3fcontext=amp] usnews.com (9/28/15) - Life on Mars? NASA Says It's a Possibility
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/was-life-on-the-early-earth-purple/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (10/15/18) - Was life on the early Earth purple?
+
[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/odds-were-only-technologically-advanced-species-universe-are-extremely-low-180958975/] Air&Space Magazine (2016) - The Odds That We’re the Only Advanced Species in the Galaxy Are One in 60 Billion
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/chemists-find-recipe-may-have-jump-started-life-earth] sciencemag.org (10/18/18) - Chemists find a recipe that may have jump-started life on Earth
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/origin-and-evolution-of-life/lifes-building-blocks-form-in-replicated-deep-sea-vents/amp/] astrobiology.net (2016) - Life’s Building Blocks Form In Replicated Deep Sea Vents
  
[https://www.livescience.com/63883-purple-alien-life.html] livescience.com (10/21/18) - Extraterrestrial Life Could Be Purple
+
[https://www.space.com/32729-earths-blue-color-signals-life.html] space.com (2016) - Could Earth's Light Blue Color Be a Signature of Life?
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/cosmic-detective-work-why-we-care-about-space-rocks] NASA (11/7/18) - Cosmic Detective Work: Why We Care About Space Rocks
+
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/06/12/opinion/sunday/yes-there-have-been-aliens.html?_r=1&referer=http://www.openminds.tv/daily-ufo-headlines-6132016/37616] New York Times (2016) - Yes There Have Been Aliens - Drake Equation - Updated with Kepler data 
  
[https://www.drewexmachina.com/2018/12/01/habitable-moons-two-decades-later/] drewexmachina.com (12/1/18) - Habitable Moons – Two Decades Later
+
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/a-four-planet-system-in-orbit-directly-imaged-and-remarkable/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (1/25/17) - A Four Planet System in Orbit, Directly Imaged and Remarkable
  
[http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/research_at_kobe_en/NEWS/news/2018_12_17_01.html] kobe-u.ac.jp (12/17/18) - Space telescope detects water in a number of asteroids
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.theatlantic.com/amp/article/520908/] Google.com - theatlantic.com (3/28/17) - The Quest to Kill the Superbug That Can Survive in Outer Space
-- Near-Infrared Asteroid Spectroscopic Survey with AKARI --
 
  
[https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/astrobiology-highlights-of-2018/] scientificamerican.com (12/19/18) - Astrobiology Highlights of 2018
+
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/water-ice-found-near-mars-s-equator-could-entice-colonists-and-life-seekers] sciencemag.org (8/16/17) - Water ice found near Mars’s equator could entice colonists and life-seekers
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07726-x] nature.com (12/20/18) - An abundance of rare isotopes in a planetary nebula
+
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-09-cosmic-trail-uncovered-herschel.amp] phys.org (9/19/17) - The cosmic water trail uncovered by Herschel - Video
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.popularmechanics.com/space/deep-space/amp25631544/phazer-alien-atmosphere/] google.com - popularmechanics.com (12/20/18) - We're Recreating Alien Atmospheres on Earth To Search for Life Beyond the Solar System
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/aeon.co/amp/ideas/to-find-aliens-we-must-think-of-life-as-we-dont-know-it] Google.com - aeon.co (9/19/17) - To find aliens, we must think of life as we don’t know it
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/12/could-space-sugars-help-explain-how-life-began-on-earth] astronomy.com (12/21/18) - Could extraterrestrial sugar help explain how life began on Earth?
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/nasa-improves-search-for-habitable-worlds] NASA (10/19/17) - New NASA Study Improves Search for Habitable Worlds
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-12-stellar-corpse-reveals-clues-stardust.amp] google.com - phys.org (12/21/18) - Stellar corpse reveals clues to missing stardust
+
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-10-nasa-habitable-worlds.amp] phys.org (10/20/17) - New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/42739-stop-using-the-drake-equation.html] google.com - space.com (12/27/18) - Alien Hunters, Stop Using the Drake Equation
+
[http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1732/] eso.org (10/2/17) - ALMA and Rosetta Detect Freon-40 in Space
  
[http://astrobiology.com/2018/12/chemically-defining-the-building-blocks-of-the-earth.html] astrobiology.com (12/31/18) - Chemically Defining the Building Blocks Of The Earth
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.science.org.au/curious/space-time/smells-space%3famp] science.org (10/10/17) - The smells of space
  
[http://astrobiology.com/2019/01/first-detection-of-the-pre-biotic-molecule-glycolonitrile-hoch2cn-in-the-interstellar-medium.html] astrobiology.com (1/9/19) - First Detection of the pre-biotic Molecule Glycolonitrile (HOCH2CN) in the Interstellar Medium
+
[https://www.nypost.com/2017/10/31/20-earth-like-planets-found-hiding-in-plain-sight/amp/] nypost.com (10/31/17) - 20 Earth-like planets found ‘hiding in plain sight’
  
[https://www.popsci.com/space-bacteria-evolving?dom=rss-default&src=syn] popsci.com (1/10/19) - Good news: space bacteria (probably) aren’t evolving to destroy us
+
[https://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00476] arxiv.org (11/1/17) - The mysterious 6565Å absorption feature of the Galactic halo
  
[https://www.universetoday.com/141123/bad-news-planets-orbiting-red-dwarfs-might-not-have-the-raw-materials-for-life/] universetoday.com (1/10/19) - Bad News. Planets Orbiting Red Dwarfs Might not have the Raw Materials for Life
+
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-11-aliens.amp] phys.org (11/1/17) - Aliens may be more like us than we think
  
[https://www.space.com/42989-ocean-moons-could-be-geologically-dead-inside.html] space.com (1/14/19) - Ocean Moons, Promising Targets in Search for Life, Could Be Dead Inside
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/atmospheric-beacons-guide-nasa-scientists-in-search-for-life] NASA (11/2/17) - Atmospheric Beacons Guide NASA Scientists in Search for Life
  
[https://www.caixinglobal.com/2019-01-15/chinas-moon-explorer-posts-photo-of-sprouting-cotton-plant-101370037.html] caixinglobal.com (1/15/19) - China’s explorer posts photo of sprouting cotton plant
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/11/life-in-dust] astronomy.com (11/21/17) - Did life hitchhike through the Solar System?
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/2019/01/how-to-build-aliens-in-the-lab] astronomy.com (1/24/19) - How to build aliens in the lab
+
[https://www.space.com/38846-space-dust-panspermia-alien-life.html] space.com (11/21/17) - Space Dust Could Help Life Jump from Planet to Planet
  
[https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/taking-note-of-molecules-in-space/] skyandtelescope.com (2/4/19) - Taking Note of Molecules in Space
+
[https://www.astrobio.net/mars/salty-antarctic-pond-replica-mars-water/] astrobiology.net (11/23/17) - Salty Antarctic pond could be a replica of Mars’ water
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-02-retreating-line-reveals-molecules-young.html#nRlv] phys.org (2/5/19) - Retreating snow line reveals organic molecules around young star
+
[https://www.ras.org.uk/news-and-press/3074-traces-of-life-on-nearest-exoplanets-may-be-hidden-in-equatorial-trap] ras.org.uk (11/28/17) - Traces of life on nearest exoplanets may be hidden in equatorial trap
  
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/organic-molecules-observed-around-young-star-thanks-to-violent-icy-outbursts/] sciscomedia.co.uk (2/5/19) - Organic molecules observed around young star thanks to violent icy outbursts
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/www.newsweek.com/russian-astronaut-says-alien-life-found-space-station-did-not-come-earth-724445%3famp=1] google.com - Newsweek.com (11/28/17) - Russian astronaut says ‘alien life’ found on space station did not come from Earth
  
[https://planetplanet.net/2019/02/08/how-planets-die-fried-by-tidal-volcanoes/] planetplanet.net (2/8/19) - How planets die: Fried by tidal volcanoes
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2017/11/bacteria-international-space-station-germy-humans-spd] google.com - nationalgeographic.com (11/28/17) - Bacteria on Space Station Likely From Germy Humans, Not Aliens
  
[https://www.space.com/supernova-explosion-earth-water-world.html] space.com (2/12/19) - Water Could Have Drowned the Earth If Not for Ancient Supernova
+
[https://www.phys.org/news/2017-12-hydrothermal-vent-enceladus-earth.amp] phys.org (12/1/17) - Hydrothermal vent experiments bring Enceladus to Earth
  
[https://www.space.com/new-nasa-research-center-for-astrobiology.html] space.com (2/13/19) - New NASA Partnership Will Spearhead Search for Life
+
[https://www.engadget.com/amp/2017/12/04/life-on-icy-worlds-with-subsurface-oceans/] engadget.com (12/4/17) - Life may be easier to find on planets outside the ‘habitable zone’
  
[https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2018.1897] liebertpub.com (2/17/19) - Limits of Life and the Habitability of Mars: The ESA Space Experiment BIOMEX on the ISS
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.nbcnews.com/mach/amp/ncna827921] google.com - nbcnews.com (12/10/17) - New discovery could change the way we look for alien life
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-funded-research-creates-dna-like-molecule-to-aid-search-for-alien-life] NASA (2/21/19) - NASA-Funded Research Creates DNA-like Molecule to Aid Search for Alien Life
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2017-12-astrobiologist-visionary-legacy-carl-sagan.html#jCp] phys.org (12/11/17) - Astrobiologist's visionary model builds on the legacy of Carl Sagan's explanation for the 'faint young Sun paradox'
  
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2019-030&rn=news.xml&rst=7340] JPL/NASA (2/25/19) -  
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/sciencetrends.com/nasa-astronauts-just-found-life-surface-international-space-station/amp/] google.com - sciencetrends.com (12/11/17) - NASA Astronauts Just Found Life On The Surface Of The International Space Station
NASA Study Reproduces Origins of Life on Ocean Floor
 
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/02/isns-how-plate-tectonics-could-make-rocky-planets-hospitable-to-life] astronomy.com (2/27/19) - How plate tectonics could make rocky planets hospitable to life
+
[http://astrobiology.com/2017/12/lifes-building-blocks-observed-in-spacelike-environment---did-life-originate-in-space.html] astrobiology.com (12/12/17) - Life's Building Blocks Observed in Spacelike Environment - Did life originate in space?
  
[https://www.popsci.com/atacama-life-on-mars?dom=rss-default&src=syn#page-4] popsci.com (3/4/19) - What could life on Mars look like? This Chilean desert holds some clues.
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/futurism.com/scientists-find-new-evidence-life-begun-space/amp/] google.com - futurism.com (12/17/17) - Scientists Find New Evidence That Life Could Have Begun In Space
  
[http://www.planetary.org/explore/the-planetary-report/the-skies-of-mini-neptunes.html] planetary.org (3/12/19) - The Skies of Mini-Neptunes
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/genes-in-space-3-successfully-identifies-unknown-microbes-in-space] NASA (12/18/17) - Genes in Space-3 Successfully Identifies Unknown Microbes in Space
  
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7350] JPL/NASA (3/14/19) - Cooking up Alien Atmospheres on Earth
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/amp.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2017/12/nasa_is_pivoting_to_astrobiology.html] google.com - slate.com (12/21/17) - NASA Is Pivoting to Astrobiology
  
[http://astronomy.com/news/2019/03/what-are-tholins-the-mysterious-substance-that-turned-ultima-thule-red] astronomy.com (3/18/19) - What are tholins? The mysterious substance that turned Ultima Thule red
+
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171229135307.htm] sciencedaily.com (12/29/17) - Genes in Space-3 successfully identifies unknown microbes in space
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-03-carbon-monoxide-detectors-extraterrestrial-life.html] phys.org (3/19/19) - Carbon monoxide detectors could warn of extraterrestrial life
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/39254-astronauts-sequence-microbes-dna-in-space.html] google.com - space.com (1/2/18) - Astronauts Identify Mystery Microbes in Space for the 1st Time
  
[https://www.space.com/carbon-monoxide-indicator-alien-life.html?fbclid=IwAR3nhOuTzyCemA_8zgRMhg3NJftDzdZGwux81xgzTUnvQuWc6bAA9LAyYBM] space.com (3/21/19) - Why This Poisonous Gas Could Be a Sign of Alien Life
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-01-ingredients-life-revealed-meteorites-fell.amp] google.com - phys.org (1/10/18) - Ingredients for life revealed in meteorites that fell to Earth
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/mars-hydrogen/] NASA (3/25/19) - Laser Blasts Show Asteroid Bombardment, Hydrogen Make Great Recipe for Life on Mars
+
[https://public.nrao.edu/news/2018-gbt-chemistry/#PRimage2] public.nrao.edu (1/11/18) - GBT Detection Unlocks Exploration of ‘Aromatic’ Interstellar Chemistry
  
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7357] JPL/NASA (3/25/19) - Asteroids, Hydrogen Make Great Recipe for Life on Mars
+
[http://astronomy.com/news/2018/01/the-hunt-for-viruses-in-space] astronomy.com (1/22/18) - The hunt for viruses in space
  
[https://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10081/151_read-32959/year-all/#/gallery/33847] dlr.de (3/26/19) - Can organisms survive on Mars, and can we identify them?
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/39476-alien-life-biosignature-gases-oxygen.html] google.com - space.com (1/24/18) - Alien Life Hunt: Oxygen Isn't the Only Possible Sign of Life
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65075-water-droplets-merge-physics.html] livescience.com (3/26/19) - Supercomputers Solve a Mystery Hidden Inside Merging Water Droplets (video)
+
[http://www.newsweek.com/biosignatures-extraterrestrial-life-chemicals-790410] Newsweek.com (1/25/18) - Alien life: Weird ‘biosignatures’ help scientists hunt for extraterrestrial life
  
[https://www.space.com/asteroid-strikes-life-on-mars.html] space.com (3/27/19) - Asteroid Strikes May Have Made Mars a More Life-Friendly Place
+
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180130152212.htm] sciencedaily.com (1/30/18) - Stellar embryos in nearby dwarf galaxy contain surprisingly complex organic molecules
  
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2019/04/study-nearest-exoplanets-could-host-life] news.cornell.edu (4/9/19) - Study: Nearest exoplanets could host life
+
[http://astrobiology.com/2018/02/on-the-bio-habitability-of-m-dwarf-planets.html] astrobiology.com (2/1/18) - On The Bio-habitability Of M-dwarf Planets
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-powerful-particles-tides-affect-extraterrestrial.html] phys.org (4/17/19) - Powerful particles and tugging tides may affect extraterrestrial life
+
[https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2018/02/black-hole-blasts-may-transform-mini-neptunes-into-rocky-worlds/] news.harvard.edu (2/17/18) - Black hole blasts may transform ‘mini-Neptunes’ into rocky worlds
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-rapid-destruction-earth-like-atmospheres-young.html] phys.org (4/24/19) - Rapid destruction of Earth-like atmospheres by young stars
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/nasa-s-webb-telescope-to-make-a-splash-in-search-for-interstellar-water] NASA (3/9/18) - NASA’s Webb Telescope to Make a Splash in Search for Interstellar Water
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/photobioreactor-better-life-support] NASA (4/26/19) - Building Better Life Support Systems for Future Space Travel
+
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43335368] bbc.com (3/9/18) - Alien atmospheres recreated on Earth
  
[https://spacenews.com/committee-to-review-nasa-planetary-protection-policies/] spacenews.com (4/26/19) - Committee to review NASA planetary protection policies
+
[https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/aerospace/space-flight/sxsw-2018-looking-for-life-on-europa-enceladus-and-titan] spectrum.ieee.org (3/12/18) - SXSW 2018: Looking For Life on Europa, Enceladus, and Titan
  
[https://www.space.com/planet-death.html] space.com (4/29/19) - How and Why Do Planets Die?
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/like-ancient-snowball-earth-frozen-planets-may-still-be-habitable/] scientificamerican.com (3/13/18) - Like Ancient Snowball Earth, Frozen Planets May Still Be Habitable
  
[https://www.popsci.com/nasas-planetary-protection-officer?dom=rss-default&src=syn] popsci.com (4/30/19) - This geologist is Earth's planetary protection officer
+
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/nasa-clean-room-contaminated-fungus] sciencemag.org (3/23/18) - NASA ‘clean’ room is contaminated with fungus
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/goddard/2019/m-star-habitability/] NASA (5/22/19) - NASA Astrobiology Researchers Identify Features That Could Be Used to Detect Life-Friendly Climates on Other Worlds
+
[https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/04/02/598813352/is-humanity-unusual-in-the-cosmos] npr.org (4/2/18) - Is Humanity Unusual In The Cosmos?
  
[https://www.cnet.com/news/nasa-scientists-find-earth-like-water-in-passing-comet/] cnet.com (5/23/19) - NASA scientists find Earth-like water in passing comet
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/are-water-worlds-habitable/] scientificamerican.com (4/5/18) - Are Water Worlds Habitable?
  
[https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab1d52] iopscience.iop.org (6/10/19) - A Limited Habitable Zone for Complex Life
+
[http://www.techtimes.com/articles/224437/20180405/substantial-lack-of-phosphorus-in-the-universe-makes-finding-alien-life-unlikely.htm] techtimes.com (4/5/18) - Substantial Lack Of Phosphorus In The Universe Makes Finding Alien Life Unlikely
  
[https://thenextweb.com/science/2019/06/12/nasa-research-shows-alien-life-is-far-less-likely-than-previously-thought/] thenextweb.com (6/10/19) - NASA research shows alien life is far less likely than previously thought
+
[https://www.livescience.com/62248-extraterrestrial-life-phosphorus.html] livescience.com (4/8/18) - Why Extraterrestrial Life May Be More Unlikely Than Scientists Thought
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-narrows-advanced-life-universe.html?fbclid=IwAR2udBvIUDVQ_j14BN1Uj48ys0sPHW28tVaNANQYEd9687JTMGffkj4oujE] phys.org (6/10/19) - New study dramatically narrows the search for advanced life in the universe
+
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2018/04/13/science/virosphere-evolution.html] nytimes.com (4/13/18) - Trillions Upon Trillions of Viruses Fall From the Sky Each Day
  
[https://www.space.com/alien-planets-alpha-centauri-breakthrough-watch.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20190612-sdc] space.com (6/11/19) - The Search for Habitable Alien Worlds in Earth's Backyard Heats Up
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/40350-saturn-core-critical-jupiter-moon-formation.html] google.com - space.com (4/19/18) - Saturn May Be the Missing Piece in the Puzzle of Jupiter's Moons
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41561-019-0380-0] nature.com (6/24/19) - Decline of giant impacts on Mars by 4.48 billion years ago and an early opportunity for habitability
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/Back_To_Nucleic_Basics_DNA] NASA (4/24/18) - Back to (Nucleic) Bases - Studying DNA aboard the International Space Station
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/goddard/2019/cyanide-in-meteorites] NASA (6/25/19) - Cyanide Compounds Discovered in Meteorites May Hold Clues to the Origin of Life
+
[https://www.exocast.org/exocast-24b/] exocast.org (4/30/18) - Exocast-24b: alpha centuri, direct imiging, Enceledus, exoplanet, HAT, instrumentation, K2, KELT, Kepler, Ross 128b, scuba diving, Titan, WASP
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/06/space-station-mold-survives-200-times-radiation-dose-would-kill-human] sciencemag.org (6/28/19) - Space station mold survives 200 times the radiation dose that would kill a human
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-awards-grants-for-research-into-life-in-universe] NASA (5/9/18) - NASA Awards Grants for Research into Life in Universe
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/06/fungi-can-withstand-the-high-radiation-doses-of-outer-space-scientists-find] astronomy.com (6/28/19) - Fungi can withstand the high radiation doses of outer space, scientists find
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/how-small-bodies-are-playing-a-big-role-in-planetary-science/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (5/14/18) - How small bodies are playing a big role in planetary science
  
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/cu-aec071019.php] eurekalert.org (7/10/19) - Astronomers expand cosmic 'cheat sheet' in hunt for life
+
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/planets-in-the-goldilocks-zone-may-be-snowballs] cosmosmagazine.com (5/21/18) - Planets in the Goldilocks zone may be snowballs
  
[https://www.hpe.com/us/en/insights/articles/is-there-life-in-space-1907.html] hpe.com (7/10/19) - Is there life in space?
+
[https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/how-test-cosmic-zoo-hypothesis-180969174/#T7xHWg8PvO00BVEQ.99] airspacemag.com (5/24/18) - How to Test the Cosmic Zoo Hypothesis
  
[http://www.washington.edu/news/2019/07/11/super-salty-subzero-arctic-water-provides-peek-at-possible-life-on-other-planets/] washington.edu (7/11/19) - Super salty, subzero Arctic water provides peek at possible life on other planets
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/how-stratospheric-life-is-teaching-us-about-the-possibility-of-extreme-life-on-other-worlds/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (5/24/18) - How stratospheric life is teaching us about the possibility of extreme life on other worlds
  
[https://planetplanet.net/2019/07/15/second-chance-planets-iceball-worlds-that-thaw-out-when-their-stars-go-red-giant/] planetplanet.net (7/15/19) - Second chance planets: Iceball worlds that thaw out when their stars go red giant
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/ames/nasa-dives-deep-into-the-search-for-life] NASA (5/30/18) - NASA Dives Deep into the Search for Life
  
[https://www.futurity.org/microbes-cryopegs-arctic-water-2110202-2/] futurity.org (7/22/19) - Microbes in secret arctic salt water hint at alien life
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139399/are-there-enough-chemicals-on-icy-worlds-to-support-life/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (6/6/18) - Are There Enough Chemicals on Icy Worlds to Support Life?
  
[https://blogs.agu.org/geospace/2019/07/29/study-suggests-frozen-earthlike-planets-could-support-life/] blogs.agu.org (7/29/19) - Study suggests frozen Earthlike planets could support life
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05438-w] nature.com (6/13/18) - NASA captures the primordial dust that formed the planets
  
[https://www.space.com/super-earth-exoplanet-gj-357d-may-support-life.html] space.com (7/31/19) - Could There Be Life? This Newfound 'Super-Earth' May Be Habitable
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/BEST_DNA_RNA] NASA (6/14/18) - Investigation Tests BEST Method of DNA and RNA Sequencing
  
[https://www.scripps.edu/news-and-events/press-room/2019/20190731-leman-aminoacids.html] scripps.edu (7/31/19) - A chemical clue to how life started on Earth
+
[https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/186732/new-type-photosynthesis-discovered/] imperial.ac.uk (6/15/18) - New type of photosynthesis discovered
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/could-we-unleash-microbes-to-mine-asteroids] astronomy.com (8/1/19) - Could we unleash microbes to mine asteroids?
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/40898-low-light-bacteria-mars-colonization.html] google.com - space.com (6/15/18) - Weird Low-Light Bacteria Could Potentially Thrive on Mars
  
[https://www.livescience.com/66109-tardigrades-moon-israeli-lander.html] livescience.com (8/6/19)  
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/weird-low-light-bacteria-could-potentially-thrive-on-mars/] scientificamerican.com (6/18/18) - Weird Low-Light Bacteria Could Potentially Thrive on Mars
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/shining-starlight-on-the-search-for-life] NASA (8/2/19) - Shining (Star)light on the Search for Life
+
[https://www.space.com/40917-early-earth-habitability-alien-life.html] space.com (6/18/18) - Early Earth's Habitability Could Boost the Chances of Alien Life
  
[https://youtu.be/ff_D7jl1kVw] YouTube - Professor Simon Holland (8/4/19) - Space Bugs - Prof Simon
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139467/new-model-predicts-that-were-probably-the-only-advanced-civilization-in-the-observable-universe/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (6/21/18) - New Model Predicts That We’re Probably the Only Advanced Civilization in the Observable Universe
  
[https://www.livescience.com/66109-tardigrades-moon-israeli-lander.html] livescience.com (8/6/19) -  
+
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/research/astrobiology-at-nasa/habitable-worlds/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (6/22/18) - Habitable Worlds
- Thousands of Tardigrades Stranded on the Moon After Lunar Lander Crash
 
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/08/09/new-seti-project-will-practice-looking-for-alien-life-near-deep-sea-vents-on-earth/#.XU9YRyUpCEd] discovermagazine.com (8/9/19) - New SETI Project will practice looking for alien life near deep sea vents on Earth
+
[https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/news/1512/will-we-know-life-when-we-see-it-nasa-led-group-takes-stock-of-the-science/] NASA (6/25/18) - Will we know life when we see it? NASA-led group takes stock of the science
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/seti-to-practice-looking-for-alien-life-at-deep-sea-vents-on-earth] astronomy.com (8/9/19) - SETI to use deep-sea vents for practice hunting alien life
+
[https://ucrtoday.ucr.edu/54211/amp] ucrtoday.ucr.edu (6/25/18) - UCR Team Among Scientists Developing Guidebook for Finding Life Beyond Earth
  
[https://www.alternet.org/2019/08/private-israeli-spacecraft-may-have-contaminated-the-moon/] alternet.org (8/10/19) - Private Israeli spacecraft may have contaminated the Moon
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-06-climbing-ladder-life.amp] google.com - phys.org (6/25/18) - Climbing the ladder to life detection
  
[https://conductscience.com/hydrogen-cyanide-and-water-reaction-as-the-origin-of-life/] conductscience.com (8/10/19) - Hydrogen-cyanide and Water Reaction as the Origin of Life
+
[https://www.space.com/40989-signs-of-alien-life.html] space.com (6/25/18) - Water May Not Be the Only Sign of Alien Life
  
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2019/08/fluorescent-glow-may-reveal-hidden-life-cosmos] news.cornell.edu (8/13/19) - Fluorescent glow may reveal hidden life in the cosmos
+
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180625192648.htm] sciencedaily.com (6/25/18) - Scientists developing guidebook for finding life beyond Earth
  
[https://filling-space.com/2019/08/16/whats-it-like-working-as-an-astrobiologist/] filling-space.com (8/16/19) - What’s it like working as an astrobiologist?
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-06-life-space.amp] google.com - phys.org (6/26/18) - How to find signs of life in space
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientists-mull-the-astrobiological-implications-of-an-airless-alien-planet/] scientificamerican.com (8/19/19) - Scientists Mull the Astrobiological Implications of an Airless Alien Planet
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/27/space-is-full-of-dirty-toxic-grease-scientists-reveal] google.com - theguardian.com (6/27/18) - Space is full of dirty, toxic grease, scientists reveal.com (6/27/18) - Space is full of dirty toxic grease
  
[https://www.drewexmachina.com/2019/08/21/habitable-planet-reality-check-the-nearby-gj-1061/] drewexmachina.com (8/21/19) - Habitable Planet Reality Check: The Nearby GJ 1061
+
[https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2017.1656] libertpub.com (7/1/18) - How to Detect Life on Icy Moons
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-exoplanets-greater-variety-life-earth.html] phys.org (8/22/19) - Study shows some exoplanets may have greater variety of life than exists on Earth
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.technologyreview.com/s/611588/first-evidence-that-amino-acids-formed-soon-after-the-big-bang/amp/] google.com - technologyreview.com (7/9/18) - First evidence that amino acids formed soon after the Big Bang
  
[https://www.sciencealert.com/there-may-be-exoplanets-out-there-even-better-suited-for-life-than-earth] sciencealert.com (8/23/19) - Study: There May Be Exoplanets Out There Even Better Suited For Life Than Earth
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.universetoday.com/139597/new-research-raises-hopes-for-finding-life-on-mars-pluto-and-icy-moons/amp/] google.com - universetoday.com (7/11/18) - New Research Raises Hopes For Finding Life On Mars, Pluto And Icy Moons
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/life-on-alien-worlds-could-be-more-diverse-than-on-earth] astronomy.com (8/23/19) - Life on alien worlds could be more diverse than on Earth
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/chemical_gardens_ISS] NASA (7/19/18) - It’s (Not) Alive: Chemical Gardens in Space
  
[https://www.livescience.com/alien-exoplanet-biodiversity.html] livescience.com (8/23/19) - Alien Oceans Could Hold Way More Life Than Earth’s Waters Ever Did, New Research Suggests
+
[https://res.mdpi.com/def50200cfa846d22f1afa160881af26f17b73f0bf6a65cbc636a58efe0023c8eb854de39f4cd8bf3e53032c3300a9f27947e771112d5f7b49054d35c664c1922a63e4fe541aa4e27dc049fcc8f04c2f78d837333e30464404a0324d0cec193ef3562b7e86db26d1506ba15b20e55c11a6c6d2992f7560ec00df168f701e7cb5e66a37ea2f1f6489c4d3539fe6a4d86d3f31b1d4e934d2bd7d2ee903?filename=&attachment=1] mdpi.com (7/26/18) - A More Comprehensive Habitable Zone for Finding Life on Other Planets
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-astronomers-earth-fingerprint-habitable-planets.html] phys.org (8/28/19) - Astronomers determine earth's fingerprint in hopes of finding habitable planets beyond the solar system
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/www.labmanager.com/news/2018/07/plate-tectonics-not-needed-to-sustain-life/amp] google.com - labmanager.com (7/31/18) - Plate Tectonics Not Needed to Sustain Life
  
[https://filling-space.com/2019/08/30/how-does-stars-radioactivity-affect-the-habitability-of-nearby-planets/] filling-space.com (8/30/19) - How does stars’ radioactivity affect the habitability of nearby planets?
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/mysterious-lunar-swirls-point-to-moons-volcanic-magnetic-past/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (9/7/18) - Mysterious ‘lunar swirls’ point to moon’s volcanic, magnetic past
  
[https://istoryline.com/the-earth-takes-a-selfie-to-search-for-other-better-habitable-worlds/] istoryline.com (9/2/19) - The Earth takes a “selfie” to search for other better habitable worlds
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-phosphorus-cold.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/7/18) - How phosphorus came in from the cold
  
[https://www.space.com/ocean-dynamics-may-change-habitability-outer-moons.html] space.com (9/2/19) - On Icy Moons, Alien Life May Go with the Flow of Ocean Currents
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-search-for-et-may-be-missing-life-on-low-oxygen-worlds/] scientificamerican.com (October 2018 issue) - The Search for ET May Be Missing Life on Low-Oxygen Worlds
  
[https://newscenter.lbl.gov/2019/09/03/radical-wrinkle-complex-carbon-molecules-in-space/] newscenter.lbl.gov (9/3/19) - Study Reveals ‘Radical’ Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-ancestors-rna.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/17/18) - New study identifies possible ancestors of RNA
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/09/water-found-in-habitable-super-earths-atmosphere-for-first-time] astronomy.com (9/11/19) - Water found in habitable super-Earth's atmosphere for first time
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/what-recipes-produce-a-habitable-planet/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (9/18/18) - What recipes produce a habitable planet?
  
[https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/science/23295/research-reveals-vital-clues-about-recycling-in-the-evolution-of-life-in-our-universe] kent.ac.uk (9/17/19) - Research reveals vital clues about recycling in the evolution of life in our universe
+
[https://harvard.voxcharta.org/2018/09/18/the-widespread-presence-of-nanometer-size-dust-grains-in-the-interstellar-medium-of-galaxies/] harvard.voxcharta.org (9/18/18) - The widespread presence of nanometer-size dust grains in the interstellar medium of galaxies
  
[https://www.space.com/asteroid-breakup-dust-ice-age-life-on-earth.html] space.com (9/18/19) - Asteroid Dust Triggered an Explosion of Life on Earth 466 Million Years Ago
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-09-candy-pink-lagoon-salt-rich-diet-potential.amp] google.com - phys.org (9/20/18) - Candy-pink lagoon serves up salt-rich diet for potential life on Mars
  
[https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(19)31040-1?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982219310401%3Fshowall%3Dtrue] cell.com (9/26/19) - Newly Identified Nematodes from Mono Lake Exhibit Extreme Arsenic Resistance
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-06415-7] nature.com (9/21/18) - An interstellar synthesis of phosphorus oxoacids
  
[https://www.space.com/eyeball-exoplanets-lifeless-snowballs.html] space.com (9/26/19) - 'Eyeball Earth' Alien Planets May Be Lifeless 'Snowballs'
+
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2018/09/astronomers-use-earths-history-guide-spot-vegetation-new-worlds] cornell.edu (9/24/18) - Astronomers use Earth’s history as guide to spot vegetation on new worlds
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/10/could-life-survive-on-a-planet-orbiting-a-black-hole] astronomy.com (10/14/19) - Could Life Survive on a Planet Orbiting a Black Hole?
+
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/key-molecular-building-blocks-may-have-come-from-space] cosmosmagazine.com (9/27/18) - Key molecular building blocks may have come from space
  
[https://www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/a-goldilocks-zone-for-planet-size/amp/] astrobio.net (10/14/19) - A goldilocks zone for planet size
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/did-key-building-blocks-for-life-come-from-deep-space/amp/] astrobio.net (9/28/18) - Did key building blocks for life come from deep space?
  
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-s-planetary-protection-review-addresses-changing-reality-of-space-exploration] NASA (10/18/19) - NASA’s Planetary Protection Review Addresses Changing Reality of Space Exploration
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/a-universe-aglow/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (10/3/18) - A Universe Aglow
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/nasa-must-rework-planetary-protection-plans-panel-advises] sciencemag.org (10/18/19) - NASA must rework planetary protection plans, panel advises
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/10/liquid-crystals-could-give-rise-to-life-on-earth] astronomy.com (10/4/18) - Liquid crystals of RNA could explain how life started on Earth
  
[https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6463/356] science.sciencemag.org (10/18/19) - Oxygen fugacities of extrasolar rocks: Evidence for an Earth-like geochemistry of exoplanets
+
[https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4303/breathing_life_into_our_planet_and_others] leeds.ac.uk (10/5/18) - Breathing life into our planet and others
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/reduce-red-tape-for-the-red-planet-report-says/] scientificamerican.com (10/25/19) - Reduce Red Tape for the Red Planet, Report Says
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/was-life-on-the-early-earth-purple/amp/] google.com - astrobio.net (10/15/18) - Was life on the early Earth purple?
  
[https://www.space.com/exoplanet-imaging-with-sun-gravitational-lens.html] space.com (10/29/19) - Wild Idea: Let's Use the Sun as a Lens to Check for Life on Alien Planets
+
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/chemists-find-recipe-may-have-jump-started-life-earth] sciencemag.org (10/18/18) - Chemists find a recipe that may have jump-started life on Earth
  
[https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/nasa-alien-life-exoplanets-study-new-3d-chemistry-water-m-dwarf-a9199146.html] independent.co.uk (11/12/19) - Scientists find which exoplanets could host alien life with pioneering ‘3D chemistry’ experiment
+
[https://www.livescience.com/63883-purple-alien-life.html] livescience.com (10/21/18) - Extraterrestrial Life Could Be Purple
  
 +
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/cosmic-detective-work-why-we-care-about-space-rocks] NASA (11/7/18) - Cosmic Detective Work: Why We Care About Space Rocks
  
 +
[https://www.drewexmachina.com/2018/12/01/habitable-moons-two-decades-later/] drewexmachina.com (12/1/18) - Habitable Moons – Two Decades Later
  
===Panspermia Theory===
+
[http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/research_at_kobe_en/NEWS/news/2018_12_17_01.html] kobe-u.ac.jp (12/17/18) - Space telescope detects water in a number of asteroids
 +
-- Near-Infrared Asteroid Spectroscopic Survey with AKARI --
  
[https://www.sciencehistory.org/historical-profile/svante-august-arrhenius] sciencehistory.org - Svante August Arrhenius (1859–1927)
+
[https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/life-unbounded/astrobiology-highlights-of-2018/] scientificamerican.com (12/19/18) - Astrobiology Highlights of 2018
  
[http://www.panspermia-theory.com/] Panspermia-Theory.com - Lithospheric/Ballistic and Directed
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07726-x] nature.com (12/20/18) - An abundance of rare isotopes in a planetary nebula
  
[http://www.panspermia.org/intro.htm] panspermia.org - Introduction: More Than Panspermia
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.popularmechanics.com/space/deep-space/amp25631544/phazer-alien-atmosphere/] google.com - popularmechanics.com (12/20/18) - We're Recreating Alien Atmospheres on Earth To Search for Life Beyond the Solar System
  
[https://helix.northwestern.edu/article/origin-life-panspermia-theory] northwestern.edu (2008) - Origin of life: The Panspermia Theory
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/12/could-space-sugars-help-explain-how-life-began-on-earth] astronomy.com (12/21/18) - Could extraterrestrial sugar help explain how life began on Earth?
  
[https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/the-origins-of-directed-panspermia/] scientificamerican.com (2013) - The Origins of Directed Panspermia
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-12-stellar-corpse-reveals-clues-stardust.amp] google.com - phys.org (12/21/18) - Stellar corpse reveals clues to missing stardust
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-building-blocks-of-life-may-have-come-from-outer-space-3884354/] smithsonianmag.com (2013) - The Building Blocks of Life May Have Come From Outer Space
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.space.com/42739-stop-using-the-drake-equation.html] google.com - space.com (12/27/18) - Alien Hunters, Stop Using the Drake Equation
  
[https://www.upi.com/While-shooting-stars-get-noticed-cosmic-dust-hitting-us-all-the-time/45801376006760/] upi.com (2013) - While shooting stars get noticed, cosmic dust hitting us all the time
+
[http://astrobiology.com/2018/12/chemically-defining-the-building-blocks-of-the-earth.html] astrobiology.com (12/31/18) - Chemically Defining the Building Blocks Of The Earth
  
[http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3193585/Are-ALIENS-Growing-support-panspermia-theory-life-Earth-carried-outer-space.html] dailymail.co.uk (2015) - Are we all ALIENS? Support grows for the panspermia theory that claims life on Earth may have arrived here from outer space
+
[http://astrobiology.com/2019/01/first-detection-of-the-pre-biotic-molecule-glycolonitrile-hoch2cn-in-the-interstellar-medium.html] astrobiology.com (1/9/19) - First Detection of the pre-biotic Molecule Glycolonitrile (HOCH2CN) in the Interstellar Medium
  
[http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/6608582] HuffPost (2015) - Lee Speigel - UK Scientists: Aliens May Have Sent Space Seeds To Create Life On Earth
+
[https://www.popsci.com/space-bacteria-evolving?dom=rss-default&src=syn] popsci.com (1/10/19) - Good news: space bacteria (probably) aren’t evolving to destroy us
  
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/in-search-of-panspermia/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (2017) - In Search of Panspermia
+
[https://www.universetoday.com/141123/bad-news-planets-orbiting-red-dwarfs-might-not-have-the-raw-materials-for-life/] universetoday.com (1/10/19) - Bad News. Planets Orbiting Red Dwarfs Might not have the Raw Materials for Life
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/bgr.com/2018/02/15/mars-rock-returned-to-mars-nasa-2020/amp/] google.com - bgr.com (2/15/18) - NASA is going to return an ancient Mars rock to its home planet
+
[https://www.space.com/42989-ocean-moons-could-be-geologically-dead-inside.html] space.com (1/14/19) - Ocean Moons, Promising Targets in Search for Life, Could Be Dead Inside
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/03/comets-and-asteroids-shower-mars-with-organics] astronomy.com (3/16/18) - Comets and asteroids shower Mars with organics
+
[https://www.caixinglobal.com/2019-01-15/chinas-moon-explorer-posts-photo-of-sprouting-cotton-plant-101370037.html] caixinglobal.com (1/15/19) - China’s explorer posts photo of sprouting cotton plant
  
[https://youtu.be/_uAJY1mqtw4] YouTube - It’s Okay to be Smart (4/11/18) - Where did life come from? (PBS Space Time & Eons!)
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/magazine/2019/01/how-to-build-aliens-in-the-lab] astronomy.com (1/24/19) - How to build aliens in the lab
  
[http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2018/0420-osiris-rex-shows-us-space.html] planetary.org (4/20/18) - OSIRIS-REx shows us space isn't entirely empty
+
[https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/taking-note-of-molecules-in-space/] skyandtelescope.com (2/4/19) - Taking Note of Molecules in Space
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.popularmechanics.com/space/solar-system/amp20747912/panspermia-aliens-on-earth-explained/] google.com - popularmechanics.com (5/18/18) - Could Life on Earth Have Come From Space?
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-02-retreating-line-reveals-molecules-young.html#nRlv] phys.org (2/5/19) - Retreating snow line reveals organic molecules around young star
  
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/why-discovering-organic-molecules-in-the-solar-system-could-indicate-the-existence-of-extraterrestrial-life/] siscomedia.co.uk (7/6/18) - Why discovering organic molecules in the Solar System could indicate the existence of extraterrestrial life
+
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/organic-molecules-observed-around-young-star-thanks-to-violent-icy-outbursts/] sciscomedia.co.uk (2/5/19) - Organic molecules observed around young star thanks to violent icy outbursts
  
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/orbital-forensics-hint-at-suns-long-lost-planet/] scientificamerican.com (10/5/18) - Orbital Forensics Hint at Sun’s Long-Lost Planet
+
[https://planetplanet.net/2019/02/08/how-planets-die-fried-by-tidal-volcanoes/] planetplanet.net (2/8/19) - How planets die: Fried by tidal volcanoes
  
[https://www.universetoday.com/140223/the-milky-way-could-be-spreading-life-from-star-to-star/] universetoday.com (10/12/18) - The Milky Way Could Be Spreading Life From Star to Star
+
[https://www.space.com/supernova-explosion-earth-water-world.html] space.com (2/12/19) - Water Could Have Drowned the Earth If Not for Ancient Supernova
  
[https://www.universal-sci.com/headlines/2018/10/13/the-milky-way-could-be-spreading-life-from-star-to-star] universal-sci.com (1/13/18) - The Milky Way could be spreading life from Star to Star
+
[https://www.space.com/new-nasa-research-center-for-astrobiology.html] space.com (2/13/19) - New NASA Partnership Will Spearhead Search for Life
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/cometlike-objects-could-be-spreading-life-star-star-throughout-milky-way] sciencemag.org (10/15/18) - Cometlike objects could be spreading life from star to star throughout the Milky Way
+
[https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ast.2018.1897] liebertpub.com (2/17/19) - Limits of Life and the Habitability of Mars: The ESA Space Experiment BIOMEX on the ISS
  
[https://www.thecrimson.com/article/2018/10/26/panspermia-theory/] thecrimson.com (10/26/18) - New Harvard Study ‘Galactic Panspermia’ Posits Transfer of Life Between Planets
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-funded-research-creates-dna-like-molecule-to-aid-search-for-alien-life] NASA (2/21/19) - NASA-Funded Research Creates DNA-like Molecule to Aid Search for Alien Life
  
[https://www.space.com/42339-alien-life-panspermia-trappist-1-exoplanets.html] space.com (11/4/18) - For Close-Knit Planets, Sharing Life Could Be Easy
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2019-030&rn=news.xml&rst=7340] JPL/NASA (2/25/19) -  
 +
NASA Study Reproduces Origins of Life on Ocean Floor
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-12-lab-credence-life-earth-asteroids.amp] google.com - phys.org (12/19/18) - Lab study adds credence to life arriving on Earth from asteroids theory
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/02/isns-how-plate-tectonics-could-make-rocky-planets-hospitable-to-life] astronomy.com (2/27/19) - How plate tectonics could make rocky planets hospitable to life
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65294-is-toxic-fungus-in-space-dangerous.html] livescience.com (4/23/19) - There Are Toxic Fungi in Space and No One Knows If They're Dangerous
+
[https://www.popsci.com/atacama-life-on-mars?dom=rss-default&src=syn#page-4] popsci.com (3/4/19) - What could life on Mars look like? This Chilean desert holds some clues.
  
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.04614.pdf] arxiv.org (6/11/19) - Re-exploring Molecular Complexity with ALMA (ReMoCA): Interstellar detection of urea
+
[http://www.planetary.org/explore/the-planetary-report/the-skies-of-mini-neptunes.html] planetary.org (3/12/19) - The Skies of Mini-Neptunes
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65743-black-holes-could-feed-alien-life.html] livescience.com (6/21/19) - Voracious Black Holes Could Feed Alien Life on Rogue Worlds
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7350] JPL/NASA (3/14/19) - Cooking up Alien Atmospheres on Earth
  
[https://eos.org/articles/microbes-spotted-in-polyextreme-hot-springs] eos.org (6/24/19) - Microbes Spotted in “Polyextreme” Hot Springs
+
[http://astronomy.com/news/2019/03/what-are-tholins-the-mysterious-substance-that-turned-ultima-thule-red] astronomy.com (3/18/19) - What are tholins? The mysterious substance that turned Ultima Thule red
  
[http://www.sci-news.com/space/extraterrestrial-cyanide-meteorites-07324.html] sci-news.com (6/26/19) - Scientists Find Extraterrestrial Cyanide Compounds in Meteorites
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-03-carbon-monoxide-detectors-extraterrestrial-life.html] phys.org (3/19/19) - Carbon monoxide detectors could warn of extraterrestrial life
  
[https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/apollo-11-moon-landing-earth-lunar-germs-astronaughts-50-years-a8994641.html] independent.co.uk (7/8/19) - Apollo 11 moon landing could have infected Earth with lunar germs, say astronauts
+
[https://www.space.com/carbon-monoxide-indicator-alien-life.html?fbclid=IwAR3nhOuTzyCemA_8zgRMhg3NJftDzdZGwux81xgzTUnvQuWc6bAA9LAyYBM] space.com (3/21/19) - Why This Poisonous Gas Could Be a Sign of Alien Life
  
[https://www.space.com/life-spread-around-galaxy-panspermia.html] space.com (8/9/19) - Life May Be Common in the Milky Way, Thanks to Comet Swapping
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/mars-hydrogen/] NASA (3/25/19) - Laser Blasts Show Asteroid Bombardment, Hydrogen Make Great Recipe for Life on Mars
  
[https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/aerospace/robotic-exploration/china-grew-these-leaves-on-the-moon] spectrum.ieee.org (9/30/19) - China Grew Two Cotton Leaves on the Moon
+
[https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7357] JPL/NASA (3/25/19) - Asteroids, Hydrogen Make Great Recipe for Life on Mars
  
[https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/opag.2019.4.issue-1/opag-2019-0051/opag-2019-0051.xml] degruyter.com (10/2/19) - Crop growth and viability of seeds on Mars and Moon soil simulants
+
[https://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10081/151_read-32959/year-all/#/gallery/33847] dlr.de (3/26/19) - Can organisms survive on Mars, and can we identify them?
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02622-4] nature.com (10/4/19) - Lab-made primordial soup yields RNA bases
+
[https://www.livescience.com/65075-water-droplets-merge-physics.html] livescience.com (3/26/19) - Supercomputers Solve a Mystery Hidden Inside Merging Water Droplets (video)
  
[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/oct/12/asteroid-kicked-off-new-life-on-earth] theguardian.com (10/12/19) - New evidence shows how asteroid dust cloud may have sparked new life on Earth 470m years ago
+
[https://www.space.com/asteroid-strikes-life-on-mars.html] space.com (3/27/19) - Asteroid Strikes May Have Made Mars a More Life-Friendly Place
  
[https://www.universetoday.com/143781/comets-and-interstellar-objects-could-be-exporting-earth-life-out-into-the-milky-way/] universetoday.com (10/19/19) - Comets and Interstellar Objects Could be Exporting Earth Life Out into the Milky Way
+
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2019/04/study-nearest-exoplanets-could-host-life] news.cornell.edu (4/9/19) - Study: Nearest exoplanets could host life
  
==Anthropological Perspective==
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-powerful-particles-tides-affect-extraterrestrial.html] phys.org (4/17/19) - Powerful particles and tugging tides may affect extraterrestrial life
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_Eve] Wikipedia - Mitochondrial Eve
+
[https://youtu.be/hYDDSzvTfzE] YouTube - Anton Petrov (4/23/19) - Tholins: Mysterious Brown Space Goo Found Everywhere but Earth
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_2] Wikipedia - Chromosome 2
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-04-rapid-destruction-earth-like-atmospheres-young.html] phys.org (4/24/19) - Rapid destruction of Earth-like atmospheres by young stars
  
[https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2063486/Alien-skull-Peru-Mystery-giant-headed-mummy-city-Andahuaylillas.html] dailymail.co.uk (2011) - Is this an alien skull? Mystery of giant-headed mummy found in Peru
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/photobioreactor-better-life-support] NASA (4/26/19) - Building Better Life Support Systems for Future Space Travel
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/dna-search-first-americans-links-amazon-indigenous-australians-180955976/] smithsonianmag.com (7/21/15) - A DNA Search for the First Americans Links Amazon Groups to Indigenous Australians
+
[https://spacenews.com/committee-to-review-nasa-planetary-protection-policies/] spacenews.com (4/26/19) - Committee to review NASA planetary protection policies
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2015/11/151116-denisovan-human-anthropology-ancient-dna] google.com (11/16/15) - DNA Reveals Mysterious Human Cousin With Huge Teeth
+
[https://www.space.com/planet-death.html] space.com (4/29/19) - How and Why Do Planets Die?
  
[https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/science/bioscience/the-origin-of-the-human-species-a-chromosome-fusion/] bbvaopenmind.com (1/17/17) - The Origin of the Human Species: a Chromosome Fusion?
+
[https://www.popsci.com/nasas-planetary-protection-officer?dom=rss-default&src=syn] popsci.com (4/30/19) - This geologist is Earth's planetary protection officer
  
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5517105/] ncbi.nlm.nih.gov (7/19/17) - Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
+
[http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Human_and_Robotic_Exploration/Radiation_rotifer] esa.int (5/12/19) - Radiation rotifer
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2017/12/07/human-migration-rewrite/] discovermagazine.com (12/7/17) - It’s official: Timeline for human migration gets a rewrite
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/goddard/2019/m-star-habitability/] NASA (5/22/19) - NASA Astrobiology Researchers Identify Features That Could Be Used to Detect Life-Friendly Climates on Other Worlds
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180215110041.htm] sciencedaily.com (2/15/18) - Did humans domesticate themselves?
+
[https://www.cnet.com/news/nasa-scientists-find-earth-like-water-in-passing-comet/] cnet.com (5/23/19) - NASA scientists find Earth-like water in passing comet
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/strange-elongated-skulls-reveal-bulgarian-treaty-brides-ancient-germany] sciencemag.org (3/12/18) - Strange, elongated skulls reveal medieval Bulgarian brides were traded for politics
+
[https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ab1d52] iopscience.iop.org (6/10/19) - A Limited Habitable Zone for Complex Life
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180313093051.htm] sciencedaily.com (3/13/18) - New insights into the origin of elongated heads in early medieval Germany
+
[https://thenextweb.com/science/2019/06/12/nasa-research-shows-alien-life-is-far-less-likely-than-previously-thought/] thenextweb.com (6/10/19) - NASA research shows alien life is far less likely than previously thought
  
[http://www.newsweek.com/origin-mysteriously-elongated-skulls-medieval-women-revealed-dna-study-843512?amp=1] Newsweek.com (3/14/18) - Origin of mysterious elongated skulls in medieval women revealed by DNA study
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-06-narrows-advanced-life-universe.html?fbclid=IwAR2udBvIUDVQ_j14BN1Uj48ys0sPHW28tVaNANQYEd9687JTMGffkj4oujE] phys.org (6/10/19) - New study dramatically narrows the search for advanced life in the universe
  
[https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/2018/03/15/humans-bred-with-neanderthals-more-than-once-new-study-shows/TG4dQJ6G1SfbaoCboLXAgK/story.html?s_campaign=bdc:globewell:trending&s_campaign=bdc:globewell:trending] bostonglobe.com (3/15/18) - Humans bred with Neanderthals more than once, new study shows
+
[https://www.space.com/alien-planets-alpha-centauri-breakthrough-watch.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20190612-sdc] space.com (6/11/19) - The Search for Habitable Alien Worlds in Earth's Backyard Heats Up
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/oldest-dna-africa-offers-clues-mysterious-ancient-culture] sciencemag.org (3/15/18) - Oldest DNA from Africa offers clues to mysterious ancient culture
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41561-019-0380-0] nature.com (6/24/19) - Decline of giant impacts on Mars by 4.48 billion years ago and an early opportunity for habitability
  
[https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/03/22/this-tiny-skeleton-might-look-like-an-alien-but-her-genes-tell-a-different-story/?utm_term=.ab7d68e614a5] washingtonpost.com (3/22/18) - This tiny skeleton might look like an alien, but her genes tell a different story
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/goddard/2019/cyanide-in-meteorites] NASA (6/25/19) - Cyanide Compounds Discovered in Meteorites May Hold Clues to the Origin of Life
  
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43489246] bbc.com (3/22/18) - Origin of 'six-inch mummy' confirmed
+
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/06/space-station-mold-survives-200-times-radiation-dose-would-kill-human] sciencemag.org (6/28/19) - Space station mold survives 200 times the radiation dose that would kill a human
  
[https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/5878480/bizarre-six-inch-alien-mummy-is-human-dna-tests-reveal-as-scientists-prove-tiny-atacama-girl-was-a-fetus-with-dwarfism/amp/] thesun.co.uk (3/22/18) - ALIEN' MUMMY RIDDLE Tragic truth behind mysterious skeleton claimed to be an ‘alien’ as Atacama girl was a fetus with dwarfism (videos)
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/06/fungi-can-withstand-the-high-radiation-doses-of-outer-space-scientists-find] astronomy.com (6/28/19) - Fungi can withstand the high radiation doses of outer space, scientists find
  
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2018/03/22/science/ata-mummy-alien-chile.html?referer=https://www.bing.com/search?q=Was+a+Tiny+Mummy+in+the+Atacama+an+Alien%3F+No,+but+the+Real+Story+Is+Almost+as+Strange&form=APIPH1&PC=APPL] nytimes.com (3/22/18) - Was a Tiny Mummy in the Atacama an Alien? No, but the Real Story Is Almost as Strange
+
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/cu-aec071019.php] eurekalert.org (7/10/19) - Astronomers expand cosmic 'cheat sheet' in hunt for life
  
[https://www.inverse.com/article/42682-atacama-alien-skeleton-dna-analysis-mutations] inverse.com (3/22/18) - Ancient Black Market "Atacama Alien" Reveals Bizarre Genetic Mutations
+
[https://www.hpe.com/us/en/insights/articles/is-there-life-in-space-1907.html] hpe.com (7/10/19) - Is there life in space?
  
[https://www.inverse.com/article/42674-genomes-five-neanderthals-max-planck] inverse.com (3/22/18) - Genome Sequencing Adds 5 New Neanderthals to the Human Family Tree
+
[http://www.washington.edu/news/2019/07/11/super-salty-subzero-arctic-water-provides-peek-at-possible-life-on-other-planets/] washington.edu (7/11/19) - Super salty, subzero Arctic water provides peek at possible life on other planets
  
[https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2018/03/410076/once-mysterious-atacama-skeleton-illuminates-genetics-bone-disease] ucsf.edu (3/22/18) - Once-Mysterious ‘Atacama Skeleton’ Illuminates Genetics of Bone Disease
+
[https://planetplanet.net/2019/07/15/second-chance-planets-iceball-worlds-that-thaw-out-when-their-stars-go-red-giant/] planetplanet.net (7/15/19) - Second chance planets: Iceball worlds that thaw out when their stars go red giant
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/03/wandering-star-shook-up-the-prehistoric-solar-system] astronomy.com (3/27/18) - Wandering star shook up the prehistoric solar system
+
[https://www.futurity.org/microbes-cryopegs-arctic-water-2110202-2/] futurity.org (7/22/19) - Microbes in secret arctic salt water hint at alien life
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/guardian.ng/features/science/why-some-nigerians-are-protected-from-cancer/amp] google.com - theguardian.com (4/5/18) - Why some Nigerians are ‘protected’ from cancer
+
[https://blogs.agu.org/geospace/2019/07/29/study-suggests-frozen-earthlike-planets-could-support-life/] blogs.agu.org (7/29/19) - Study suggests frozen Earthlike planets could support life
  
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43701630] bbc.com (4/11/18) - How ancient DNA is transforming our view of the past
+
[https://www.space.com/super-earth-exoplanet-gj-357d-may-support-life.html] space.com (7/31/19) - Could There Be Life? This Newfound 'Super-Earth' May Be Habitable
  
[https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/04/are-we-earths-only-civilization/557180/] theatlantic.com (4/13/18) - Was There a Civilization On Earth Before Humans?
+
[https://www.scripps.edu/news-and-events/press-room/2019/20190731-leman-aminoacids.html] scripps.edu (7/31/19) - A chemical clue to how life started on Earth
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2018/04/bajau-sea-nomads-free-diving-spleen-science] google.com - nationalgeographic.com (4/19/18) - 'Sea Nomads' Are First Known Humans Genetically Adapted to Diving
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/could-we-unleash-microbes-to-mine-asteroids] astronomy.com (8/1/19) - Could we unleash microbes to mine asteroids?
  
[https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/19/604031141/new-study-says-ancient-humans-hunted-big-mammals-to-extinction] npr.org (4/19/18) - New Study Says Ancient Humans Hunted Big Mammals To Extinction
+
[https://www.livescience.com/66109-tardigrades-moon-israeli-lander.html] livescience.com (8/6/19)  
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2018/05/stone-tools-rhinoceros-luzon-philippines-ancient-hominins-science] nationalgeograhic.com (5/2/18) - 700,000-Year-Old Stone Tools Point to Mysterious Human Relative
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2019/shining-starlight-on-the-search-for-life] NASA (8/2/19) - Shining (Star)light on the Search for Life
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/04/butchered-rhino-suggests-humans-were-in-the-philippines-700000-years-ago] google.com - theguardian.com (5/4/18) - Butchered rhino suggests humans were in the Philippines 700,000 years ago
+
[https://youtu.be/ff_D7jl1kVw] YouTube - Professor Simon Holland (8/4/19) - Space Bugs - Prof Simon
  
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/29668018/] ncbi.nlm.nih.gov (5/3/18) - How strong was the bottleneck associated to the peopling of the Americas? New insights from multilocus sequence data.
+
[https://www.livescience.com/66109-tardigrades-moon-israeli-lander.html] livescience.com (8/6/19) -  
 +
- Thousands of Tardigrades Stranded on the Moon After Lunar Lander Crash
  
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/archaeology/neanderthals-produced-symbolic-art-research-suggests] cosmosmagazine.com (5/3/18) - Neanderthals produced symbolic art, research suggests
+
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/08/09/new-seti-project-will-practice-looking-for-alien-life-near-deep-sea-vents-on-earth/#.XU9YRyUpCEd] discovermagazine.com (8/9/19) - New SETI Project will practice looking for alien life near deep sea vents on Earth
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/theconversation.com/amp/warning-signs-how-early-humans-first-began-to-paint-animals-95597] google.com - theconversation.com (5/4/18) - Warning signs: how early humans first began to paint animals
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/seti-to-practice-looking-for-alien-life-at-deep-sea-vents-on-earth] astronomy.com (8/9/19) - SETI to use deep-sea vents for practice hunting alien life
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/people-lived-cave-78000-years-180969051/#sqk305vHPTHbtvcT.99] smithsonianmag.com (5/11/18) - People Lived in This Cave for 78,000 Years
+
[https://www.alternet.org/2019/08/private-israeli-spacecraft-may-have-contaminated-the-moon/] alternet.org (8/10/19) - Private Israeli spacecraft may have contaminated the Moon
  
[https://www.ufoinsight.com/the-caspar-mummy-evidence-of-a-hidden-race-from-antiquity/] ufoinsight.com (5/18/18) - The Caspar Mummy: Evidence of a Hidden Race from Antiquity
+
[https://conductscience.com/hydrogen-cyanide-and-water-reaction-as-the-origin-of-life/] conductscience.com (8/10/19) - Hydrogen-cyanide and Water Reaction as the Origin of Life
  
[http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/anthropology/anatomical-study-bonobos-06034.html] sci-news.com (5/24/18) - First Detailed Anatomical Study of Bonobos Contradicts Key Dogmas about Human Evolution
+
[http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2019/08/fluorescent-glow-may-reveal-hidden-life-cosmos] news.cornell.edu (8/13/19) - Fluorescent glow may reveal hidden life in the cosmos
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/theconversation.com/amp/why-do-humans-have-such-large-brains-our-study-suggests-ecology-was-the-driving-force-96873] google.com - theconversation.com (5/26/18) - Why do humans have such large brains? Our study suggests ecology was the driving force
+
[https://filling-space.com/2019/08/16/whats-it-like-working-as-an-astrobiologist/] filling-space.com (8/16/19) - What’s it like working as an astrobiologist?
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-05-gene-survey-reveals-facets-evolution.amp] google.com - phys.org (5/28/18) - Sweeping gene survey reveals new facets of evolution
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientists-mull-the-astrobiological-implications-of-an-airless-alien-planet/] scientificamerican.com (8/19/19) - Scientists Mull the Astrobiological Implications of an Airless Alien Planet
  
[https://www.earthfiles.com/2018/05/30/part-1-latest-genetech-dna-results-on-3-fingered-bodies-from-palpa-nazca-region-of-peru/] earthfiles.com (5/30/18) - Part 1: Does 95% Primate and 5% Unknown Mean Maria Is Alien Hybrid
+
[https://www.drewexmachina.com/2019/08/21/habitable-planet-reality-check-the-nearby-gj-1061/] drewexmachina.com (8/21/19) - Habitable Planet Reality Check: The Nearby GJ 1061
  
[https://www.earthfiles.com/2018/05/30/part-2-does-95-primate-and-5-unknown-mean-maria-is-alien-hybrid/] earthfiles.com (5/30/18) - Part 2: Does 95% Primate and 5% Unknown Mean Maria Is Alien Hybrid
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-exoplanets-greater-variety-life-earth.html] phys.org (8/22/19) - Study shows some exoplanets may have greater variety of life than exists on Earth
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/05/trio-genes-supercharged-human-brain-evolution] sciencemag.org (5/31/18) - Trio of genes supercharged human brain evolution
+
[https://www.sciencealert.com/there-may-be-exoplanets-out-there-even-better-suited-for-life-than-earth] sciencealert.com (8/23/19) - Study: There May Be Exoplanets Out There Even Better Suited For Life Than Earth
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/exclusive-neanderthal-minibrains-grown-dish] sciencemag.org (6/20/18) - Exclusive: Neanderthal ‘minibrains’ grown in dish
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/08/life-on-alien-worlds-could-be-more-diverse-than-on-earth] astronomy.com (8/23/19) - Life on alien worlds could be more diverse than on Earth
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/science/2018/jul/11/no-single-birthplace-of-mankind-say-scientists] theguardian.com (7/11/18) - No single birthplace of mankind, say scientists
+
[https://www.livescience.com/alien-exoplanet-biodiversity.html] livescience.com (8/23/19) - Alien Oceans Could Hold Way More Life Than Earth’s Waters Ever Did, New Research Suggests
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05696-8] nature.com (7/11/18) - Tools from China are oldest hint of human lineage outside Africa
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-astronomers-earth-fingerprint-habitable-planets.html] phys.org (8/28/19) - Astronomers determine earth's fingerprint in hopes of finding habitable planets beyond the solar system
  
[https://www.natoionalgeographic.com/science/2018/07/news-otzi-iceman-food-DNA-diet-meat-fat/] nationalgeographic.com (7/12/18) - 5,300 Years Ago, Ötzi the Iceman Died. Now We Know His Last Meal.
+
[https://filling-space.com/2019/08/30/how-does-stars-radioactivity-affect-the-habitability-of-nearby-planets/] filling-space.com (8/30/19) - How does stars’ radioactivity affect the habitability of nearby planets?
  
[https://www.upi.com/5300-year-old-icemans-last-meal-was-remarkably-high-in-fat/4871531494032/] upi.com (7/13/18) - 5,300-year-old iceman's last meal was remarkably high in fat
+
[https://istoryline.com/the-earth-takes-a-selfie-to-search-for-other-better-habitable-worlds/] istoryline.com (9/2/19) - The Earth takes a “selfie” to search for other better habitable worlds
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/07/oven-was-used-make-bread-thousands-years-agriculture] sciencemag.org (7/16/18) - This oven was used to make bread—thousands of years before agriculture
+
[https://www.space.com/ocean-dynamics-may-change-habitability-outer-moons.html] space.com (9/2/19) - On Icy Moons, Alien Life May Go with the Flow of Ocean Currents
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-28342-9] nature.com (7/19/18) - Neandertal fire-making technology inferred from microwear analysis
+
[https://newscenter.lbl.gov/2019/09/03/radical-wrinkle-complex-carbon-molecules-in-space/] newscenter.lbl.gov (9/3/19) - Study Reveals ‘Radical’ Wrinkle in Forming Complex Carbon Molecules in Space
  
[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1879981718300548?via%3Dihub#bib0075] sciencedirect.com (7/20/18) - International journal of paleopathology, Volume 22, September 2018 - On engagement with anthropology: A critical evaluation of skeletal and developmental abnormalities in the Atacama preterm baby and issues of forensic and bioarchaeological research ethics
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/09/water-found-in-habitable-super-earths-atmosphere-for-first-time] astronomy.com (9/11/19) - Water found in habitable super-Earth's atmosphere for first time
  
[https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/07/24/631583427/14-000-year-old-piece-of-bread-rewrites-the-history-of-baking-and-farming] npr.org (7/24/18) - 14,000-Year-Old Piece Of Bread Rewrites The History Of Baking And Farming
+
[https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/science/23295/research-reveals-vital-clues-about-recycling-in-the-evolution-of-life-in-our-universe] kent.ac.uk (9/17/19) - Research reveals vital clues about recycling in the evolution of life in our universe
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05859-7] nature.com (8/2/18) - Diverse genome study upends understanding of how language evolved
+
[https://www.space.com/asteroid-breakup-dust-ice-age-life-on-earth.html] space.com (9/18/19) - Asteroid Dust Triggered an Explosion of Life on Earth 466 Million Years Ago
  
[https://www.princeton.edu/news/2018/08/02/modern-flores-island-pygmies-show-no-genetic-link-extinct-hobbits] princeton.edu (8/2/18) - Modern Flores Island pygmies show no genetic link to extinct ‘hobbits’
+
[https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(19)31040-1?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982219310401%3Fshowall%3Dtrue] cell.com (9/26/19) - Newly Identified Nematodes from Mono Lake Exhibit Extreme Arsenic Resistance
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.bbc.com/news/amp/science-environment-45049024] bbc.com (8/2/18) - Small height evolved twice on 'Hobbit' island of Flores
+
[https://www.space.com/eyeball-exoplanets-lifeless-snowballs.html] space.com (9/26/19) - 'Eyeball Earth' Alien Planets May Be Lifeless 'Snowballs'
  
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/language-gene-foxp2-no-humans-evolution-boost] sciencenews.org (8/3/18) - The ‘language gene’ didn’t give humans a big leg up in evolution
+
[https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/china-moon-cotton?rebelltitem=2#rebelltitem2] bigthink.com (10/7/19) - China grew a plant on the moon — it sprouted two leaves, data indicates
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.inverse.com/amp/article/47768-rampasasa-flores-island-pygmy-homo-floresiensis] google.com - inverse.com (8/4/18) - Ancient 'Hobbit' Study Reveals an Island That Forced Humans to Shrink Twice
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/10/could-life-survive-on-a-planet-orbiting-a-black-hole] astronomy.com (10/14/19) - Could Life Survive on a Planet Orbiting a Black Hole?
  
[http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/tools-ancient-easter-islanders-sophisticated-society-06326.html] sci-news.com (8/21/18) - Tools of Ancient Easter Islanders Hint at Sophisticated Society
+
[https://www.astrobio.net/also-in-news/a-goldilocks-zone-for-planet-size/amp/] astrobio.net (10/14/19) - A goldilocks zone for planet size
  
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/08/ancient-bone-belonged-child-two-extinct-human-species] sciencemag.org (8/22/18) - This ancient bone belonged to a child of two extinct human species
+
[https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-s-planetary-protection-review-addresses-changing-reality-of-space-exploration] NASA (10/18/19) - NASA’s Planetary Protection Review Addresses Changing Reality of Space Exploration
  
[https://dailygalaxy.com/2018/08/todays-planet-earth-report-massive-ancient-cemetery-found-reshapes-our-thinking-about-how-complex-human-societies-form/] dailygalaxy.com (8/22/18) - Massive ancient cemetery found “reshapes our thinking about how complex societies form”
+
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/10/nasa-must-rework-planetary-protection-plans-panel-advises] sciencemag.org (10/18/19) - NASA must rework planetary protection plans, panel advises
  
[https://www.cnio.es/ing/publicaciones/an-international-team-led-by-the-cnio-reveals-that-human-genome-could-contain-up-to-20-fewer-genes] cnio.es (8/30/18) - Nucleic Acids Research - An international team led by the CNIO reveals that human genome could contain up to 20% fewer genes
+
[https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6463/356] science.sciencemag.org (10/18/19) - Oxygen fugacities of extrasolar rocks: Evidence for an Earth-like geochemistry of exoplanets
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/science/2018/09/news-ancient-humans-art-hashtag-ochre-south-africa-archaeology] google.com - nationalgeographic.com (9/12/18) - 73,000-Year-Old Doodle May Be World's Oldest Drawing
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/reduce-red-tape-for-the-red-planet-report-says/] scientificamerican.com (10/25/19) - Reduce Red Tape for the Red Planet, Report Says
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06763-w] nature.com (9/20/18) - Denisovan hybrid cave yields four more hominin bones
+
[https://www.space.com/exoplanet-imaging-with-sun-gravitational-lens.html] space.com (10/29/19) - Wild Idea: Let's Use the Sun as a Lens to Check for Life on Alien Planets
  
[https://youtu.be/94Sof9OrlhM] YouTube - Discovery Documentary (10/25/18) - New Graham Hancock (2018) - Denisovans - They Might Be Giants!
+
[https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/nasa-alien-life-exoplanets-study-new-3d-chemistry-water-m-dwarf-a9199146.html] independent.co.uk (11/12/19) - Scientists find which exoplanets could host alien life with pioneering ‘3D chemistry’ experiment
  
[https://youtu.be/tOFaMpMDGuM] YouTube - Discovery Documentary (10/27/18) - Rise and Fall of the Wise Woman
+
[https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2019/11/13/red-dwarf-planets-and-habitability/] centauri-dreams.org (11/13/19) - Red Dwarf Planets and Habitability
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181030121921.htm] sciencedaily.com (10/30/18) - Neanderthal ribcage reconstructed, offering new clues to ancient human anatomy
+
[https://www.space.com/27777-alien-life-supercritical-carbon-dioxide.html] space.com (11/16/19) - Alien Life Could Thrive on 'Supercritical' CO2 Instead of Water
  
[https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/11/ancient-dna-reveals-complex-migrations-first-americans/] nationalgeographic.com (11/8/18) - Ancient DNA reveals complex migrations of the first Americans
+
[https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/11/12/1907169116] pnas.org (11/18/19) - Extraterrestrial ribose and other sugars in primitive meteorites
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/11/15/neanderthals-head-trauma-hunting-homo-sapiens/] discovermagazine.com (11/15/18) - Neanderthals were just as violent as early humans
+
[https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00474] pubs.acs.org (11/21/19) - The Search for Chiral Asymmetry as a Potential Biosignature in our Solar System
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181213142153.htm] sciencedaily.com (12/13/18) - Neanderthal genes give clues to human brain evolution
+
[https://www.space.com/asteroid-acfer-094-ice-fossil-early-solar-system.html] space.com (11/22/19) - Ice Fossils in an Ancient Space Rock Reveal Clues About the Early Solar System
  
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/01/190116122650.htm] sciencedaily.com (1/16/19) - Artificial intelligence applied to the genome identifies an unknown human ancestor
+
[https://www.space.com/amp/space-sugar-rode-rna-metoers.html] space.com (11/25/19) - Your RNA May Have Come from Space, Meteor Study Suggests
  
[https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330425965_First_systematic_assessment_of_dental_growth_and_development_in_an_archaic_hominin_genus_Homo_from_East_Asia] researchgate.net (January 2019) - First systematic assessment of dental growth and development in an archaic hominin (genus, Homo) from East Asia
+
[https://www.sciencealert.com/researchers-find-a-microbe-that-not-only-eats-meteorites-it-can-t-get-enough-of-them] sciencealert.com (12/5/19) - Scientists Just Identified an Organism That Thrives on Eating Meteorites
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.rt.com/russia/449641-elongated-skull-woman-russia/amp/] google.com - rt.com (1/24/19) - Ancient woman with ‘ALIEN-LIKE' SKULL unearthed in Russia (VIDEO)
+
[http://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Human_and_Robotic_Exploration/Life_of_a_foam] esa.int (12/6/19) - Life of a foam
  
[https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/30/science/neanderthals-denisovans-humans.html] nytimes.com (1/30/19) - High Ceilings and a Lovely View: Denisova Cave Was Home to a Lost Branch of Humanity
+
[https://www.space.com/mars-2020-rover-alien-life-hunt.html] space.com (12/11/19) - How NASA's Next Mars Rover Will Hunt for Alien Life
  
[https://neurohacker.com/epigenetics-and-evolution-bettering-yourself-and-humanity-with-dr-bruce-h-lipton] neurohacker.com (2/1/19) - Epigenetics and Evolution: Bettering Yourself and Humanity with Dr. Bruce H. Lipton (video interview and transcript)
+
[https://scitechdaily.com/extreme-solar-events-and-the-search-for-habitable-exoplanets/] scitechdaily.com (12/15/19) - Extreme Solar Events and the Search for Habitable Exoplanets
  
[https://www.inverse.com/article/53560-neanderthals-weren-t-hunched-over-they-walked-upright] inverse.com (2/25/19) - Neanderthal Study Corrects "Absurd" Misconception About the Ancient Humans
+
[https://www.pnas.org/content/116/51/25478] pnas.org (12/17/19) - Subglacial meltwater supported aerobic marine habitats during Snowball Earth
  
[https://www.quora.com/Whats-the-difference-between-Homo-sapiens-and-Homo-sapiens-sapiens] quora.com (3/15/19) - What's the difference between Homo sapiens and Homo sapiens sapiens?
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-12-smelly-poisonous-molecule-sure-fire-extraterrestrial.html] phys.org (12/19/19) - Smelly, poisonous molecule may be a sure-fire sign of extraterrestrial life
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/03/20/anatolian-hunter-gatherers-taught-themselves-to-farm/#.XJLc9sMpCEd] discovermagazine.com (3/20/19) - An important group of European hunter-gatherers taught themselves how to farm
+
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/a-wrecking-ball-in-the-hr-5183-system/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (12/27/19) - A Wrecking Ball in the HR 5183 System
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65039-punishing-gods-rise-with-complex-societies.html] livescience.com (3/20/19) - When Ancient Societies Hit a Million People, Vengeful Gods Appeared
+
[https://youtu.be/mZWlH7domcs] YouTube - SETI Institute (12/27/19) - Are We About to Find Life on a Mars?
  
[https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/04/ancient-teeth-hint-at-mysterious-human-relative/] nationalgeographic.com (4/2/19) - Ancient teeth hint at mysterious human relative
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2020/01/k-dwarf-stars-may-offer-the-best-odds-for-hosting-alien-life] astronomy.com (1/8/20) - K dwarf stars may offer the best odds for hosting alien life
  
[https://www.quora.com/Why-did-some-ancient-civilizations-have-elongated-skulls] quora.com (4/7/19)  
+
[https://m.phys.org/news/2020-01-astronomers-reveal-interstellar-thread-life.html] phys.org (1/15/20) - Astronomers reveal interstellar thread of one of life's building blocks
- Why did some ancient civilizations have elongated skulls?
 
  
[https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/new-species-of-human--homo-luzonensis--identified-in-the-philippines-65722] the-scientist.com (4/10/19) - New Species of Human, Homo luzonensis, Identified in the Philippines
 
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/04/11/denisovan-indonesia-humans-new-species/#.XLHAvhYpCEe] discoverymagazine.com (4/11/19) - The Denisovans may have been more than a single species
 
  
[https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/scitech/science/690914/pinoy-archaeologists-discover-new-human-species-homo-luzonensis/story/w] gmanetwork.com (4/11/19) - Pinoy archaeologists discover new human species, Homo luzonensis
 
  
[https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47938188] bbc.com (4/16/19) - Stonehenge: DNA reveals origin of builders
 
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2019/04/29/oldest-human-footprint/#.XMc5mhYpCEd] discovermagazine.com (4/29/19) - Is this the oldest footprint in the Americas?
+
===Panspermia Theory===
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01310-7?utm_source=fbk_nnc&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=naturenews&utm_medium=social&utm_content=organic&utm_source=facebook&utm_campaign=NatureNews_&sf212043654=1] nature.com (5/1/19) - The mysterious Denisovans have at last come in from the cold
+
[https://www.sciencehistory.org/historical-profile/svante-august-arrhenius] sciencehistory.org - Svante August Arrhenius (1859–1927)
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/05/01/denisovans-tibetan-plateau-mandible/#.XMo1Rp8pCEd] discovermagazine.com (5/1/19) - Denisovans Tibetan plateau mandible
+
[http://www.panspermia-theory.com/] Panspermia-Theory.com - Lithospheric/Ballistic and Directed
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2019/05/03/how-humans-domesticated-ourselves/#.XWcG_yQpCEc] discovermagazine.com (5/3/19) - Humans Domesticated Dogs and Cows. We May Have Domesticated Ourselves
+
[http://www.panspermia.org/intro.htm] panspermia.org - Introduction: More Than Panspermia
  
[https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2019/05/ancient-hallucinogens-oldest-ayahuasca-found-shaman-pouch/] nationalgeographic.com (5/6/19) - Ancient hallucinogens found in 1,000-year-old shamanic pouch
+
[https://helix.northwestern.edu/article/origin-life-panspermia-theory] northwestern.edu (2008) - Origin of life: The Panspermia Theory
  
[https://elifesciences.org/for-the-press/406e3584/traces-of-crawling-in-italian-cave-give-clues-to-ancient-humans-social-behaviour] elifesciences.org (5/13/19) - Traces of crawling in Italian cave give clues to ancient humans’ social behaviour
+
[https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/the-origins-of-directed-panspermia/] scientificamerican.com (2013) - The Origins of Directed Panspermia
  
[https://www.livescience.com/65499-neanderthal-human-last-common-ancestor.html] livescience.com (5/17/19) - Humans and Neanderthals Evolved from a Mystery Common Ancestor, Huge Analysis Suggests
+
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-building-blocks-of-life-may-have-come-from-outer-space-3884354/] smithsonianmag.com (2013) - The Building Blocks of Life May Have Come From Outer Space
  
[https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248418300216?via%3Dihub] sciencedirect.com (5/20/19) - Cooked starchy food in hearths ca. 120 kya and 65 kya (MIS 5e and MIS 4) from Klasies River Cave, South Africa
+
[https://www.upi.com/While-shooting-stars-get-noticed-cosmic-dust-hitting-us-all-the-time/45801376006760/] upi.com (2013) - While shooting stars get noticed, cosmic dust hitting us all the time
  
[https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/05/probability-helps-narrow-down-the-search-for-human-ancestors/] arstechnica.com (5/21/19) - We probably don’t descend from Australopithecus sediba
+
[http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3193585/Are-ALIENS-Growing-support-panspermia-theory-life-Earth-carried-outer-space.html] dailymail.co.uk (2015) - Are we all ALIENS? Support grows for the panspermia theory that claims life on Earth may have arrived here from outer space
  
[http://www.humanevolution.news/ancient-supernovae-may-have-contributed-to-upright-walking/] humanevolution.news (5/28/19) - Ancient supernovae may have contributed to upright walking
+
[http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/6608582] HuffPost (2015) - Lee Speigel - UK Scientists: Aliens May Have Sent Space Seeds To Create Life On Earth
  
[https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018RG000629] agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com (5/29/19) - The role of geomagnetic field intensity in late Quaternary evolution of humans and large mammals
+
[https://astrobiology.nasa.gov/news/in-search-of-panspermia/] astrobiology.nasa.gov (2017) - In Search of Panspermia
  
[https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2019/06/williams-syndrome-and-human-evolution/590797/?utm_term=2019-06-03T15%3A05%3A51&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_content=edit-promo&utm_campaign=the-atlantic] theatlantic.com (6/3/19) - What the World’s Most Sociable People Reveal About Friendliness
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/bgr.com/2018/02/15/mars-rock-returned-to-mars-nasa-2020/amp/] google.com - bgr.com (2/15/18) - NASA is going to return an ancient Mars rock to its home planet
  
[http://sciencenordic.com/scientists-have-found-10-000-year-old-scandinavian-genes-prehistoric-gum]  
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/03/comets-and-asteroids-shower-mars-with-organics] astronomy.com (3/16/18) - Comets and asteroids shower Mars with organics
sciencenordic.com (6/12/19) - Scientists have found 10 000-year-old Scandinavian genes in prehistoric gum
 
  
[https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/dark-centers-chromosomes-reveal-ancient-dna] ucdavis.edu (6/18/19) - Dark Centers of Chromosomes Reveal Ancient DNA
+
[https://youtu.be/_uAJY1mqtw4] YouTube - It’s Okay to be Smart (4/11/18) - Where did life come from? (PBS Space Time & Eons!)
  
[https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/6/eaaw5873] advances.sciencemag.org (6/26/19) - Nuclear DNA from two early Neandertals reveals 80,000 years of genetic continuity in Europe
+
[http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2018/0420-osiris-rex-shows-us-space.html] planetary.org (4/20/18) - OSIRIS-REx shows us space isn't entirely empty
  
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/ancient-dna-origins-philistines-bible-europe-israel?utm_source=Reddit&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=r_science] sciencenews.org (7/3/19) - Ancient DNA reveals the origins of the Philistines
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.popularmechanics.com/space/solar-system/amp20747912/panspermia-aliens-on-earth-explained/] google.com - popularmechanics.com (5/18/18) - Could Life on Earth Have Come From Space?
  
[https://www.sciencealert.com/asian-cultures-may-have-been-making-their-skulls-look-like-xenomorph-heads-12-000-years-ago] sciencealert.com (7/5/19) - Eerie 'Xenomorph' Skulls Dating Back Thousands of Years Have Been Discovered in China
+
[https://sciscomedia.co.uk/why-discovering-organic-molecules-in-the-solar-system-could-indicate-the-existence-of-extraterrestrial-life/] siscomedia.co.uk (7/6/18) - Why discovering organic molecules in the Solar System could indicate the existence of extraterrestrial life
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.interestingengineering.com/not-aliens-the-real-explanation-behind-xenomorph-skulls-found-in-china] google.com - interestingengineering.com (7/5/19) - Not Aliens: The Real Explanation Behind 'Xenomorph' Skulls Found in China
+
[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/orbital-forensics-hint-at-suns-long-lost-planet/] scientificamerican.com (10/5/18) - Orbital Forensics Hint at Sun’s Long-Lost Planet
  
[https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-48913307] bbc.com (7/10/19) - Earliest modern human found outside Africa
+
[https://www.universetoday.com/140223/the-milky-way-could-be-spreading-life-from-star-to-star/] universetoday.com (10/12/18) - The Milky Way Could Be Spreading Life From Star to Star
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2019/07/10/apidima-skull/#.XSZ4XxYpCEd] blogs.discovermagazine.com (7/10/19) - Apidima Skull Is Earliest Homo Sapiens Outside Africa, Say Researchers
+
[https://www.universal-sci.com/headlines/2018/10/13/the-milky-way-could-be-spreading-life-from-star-to-star] universal-sci.com (1/13/18) - The Milky Way could be spreading life from Star to Star
  
[https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/07/humans-may-have-reached-europe-by-210000-years-ago/] arstechnica.com (7/10/19) - Humans may have reached Europe by 210,000 years ago
+
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/cometlike-objects-could-be-spreading-life-star-star-throughout-milky-way] sciencemag.org (10/15/18) - Cometlike objects could be spreading life from star to star throughout the Milky Way
  
[https://theconversation.com/teeth-time-capsule-reveals-that-2-million-years-ago-early-humans-breastfed-for-up-to-6-years-117894] theconversation.com (7/15/19) - Teeth ‘time capsule’ reveals that 2 million years ago, early humans breastfed for up to 6 years
+
[https://www.thecrimson.com/article/2018/10/26/panspermia-theory/] thecrimson.com (10/26/18) - New Harvard Study ‘Galactic Panspermia’ Posits Transfer of Life Between Planets
  
[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/jul/17/chimps-more-sociable-after-watching-movies-together-study] theguardian.com (7/16/19) - Chimps more sociable after watching movies together – study
+
[https://www.space.com/42339-alien-life-panspermia-trappist-1-exoplanets.html] space.com (11/4/18) - For Close-Knit Planets, Sharing Life Could Be Easy
  
[https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2019.0715] royalsocietypublishing.org (7/24/19) - Chimpanzees flexibly update working memory contents and show susceptibility to distraction in the self-ordered search task
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2018-12-lab-credence-life-earth-asteroids.amp] google.com - phys.org (12/19/18) - Lab study adds credence to life arriving on Earth from asteroids theory
  
[http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/anthropology/humans-hominin-introgression-07438.html] sci-news.com (7/29/19) - Humans Interbred with Four Extinct Hominin Species, Research Finds
+
[https://www.livescience.com/65294-is-toxic-fungus-in-space-dangerous.html] livescience.com (4/23/19) - There Are Toxic Fungi in Space and No One Knows If They're Dangerous
  
[https://news.tulane.edu/pr/study-shows-maya-civilization-decimated-massive-fiery-war] news.tulane.edu (8/5/19) - Study shows Maya civilization decimated by massive, fiery war
+
[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.04614.pdf] arxiv.org (6/11/19) - Re-exploring Molecular Complexity with ALMA (ReMoCA): Interstellar detection of urea
  
[https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-08/pp-rla080219.php] eurekalert.org (8/5/19) - Recursive language and modern imagination were acquired simultaneously 70,000 years ago
+
[https://www.livescience.com/65743-black-holes-could-feed-alien-life.html] livescience.com (6/21/19) - Voracious Black Holes Could Feed Alien Life on Rogue Worlds
  
[https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0216366] journals.plos.org (8/21/19) - Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia
+
[https://eos.org/articles/microbes-spotted-in-polyextreme-hot-springs] eos.org (6/24/19) - Microbes Spotted in “Polyextreme” Hot Springs
  
[https://pressfrom.info/au/news/tech-and-science/-142876-can-dna-solve-the-mystery-of-europe-s-pointy-skulls.html] pressfrom.info (8/22/19) - Can DNA solve the mystery of Europe’s pointy skulls?
+
[http://www.sci-news.com/space/extraterrestrial-cyanide-meteorites-07324.html] sci-news.com (6/26/19) - Scientists Find Extraterrestrial Cyanide Compounds in Meteorites
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.livescience.com/amp/ancient-skulls-croatia-artificially-deformed.html] google.com - livescience.com (8/22/19) - Ancient Skeletons with Alien-Like Heads Unearthed in Croatia
+
[https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/apollo-11-moon-landing-earth-lunar-germs-astronaughts-50-years-a8994641.html] independent.co.uk (7/8/19) - Apollo 11 moon landing could have infected Earth with lunar germs, say astronauts
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1513-8] nature.com (8/28/19) - A 3.8-million-year-old hominin cranium from Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia
+
[https://www.space.com/life-spread-around-galaxy-panspermia.html] space.com (8/9/19) - Life May Be Common in the Milky Way, Thanks to Comet Swapping
  
[https://www.cmnh.org/mrd] cmnh.org (8/28/19) - The Face of Lucy’s Ancestor Revealed
+
[https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/aerospace/robotic-exploration/china-grew-these-leaves-on-the-moon] spectrum.ieee.org (9/30/19) - China Grew Two Cotton Leaves on the Moon
  
[https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-million-year-old-fossil-ethiopia-reveals-lucy.html] phys.org (8/28/19) - A 3.8-million-year-old fossil from Ethiopia reveals the face of Lucy's ancestor
+
[https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/opag.2019.4.issue-1/opag-2019-0051/opag-2019-0051.xml] degruyter.com (10/2/19) - Crop growth and viability of seeds on Mars and Moon soil simulants
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/08/stunning-ancient-skull-shakes-human-family-tree] sciencemag.org (8/28/19) - Stunning ancient skull shakes up human family tree
+
[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02622-4] nature.com (10/4/19) - Lab-made primordial soup yields RNA bases
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2019/08/29/stone-tools-in-idaho-evidence-of-first-americans/#.XWrrtyQpCEe] blogs.discovermagazine.com (8/29/19) - First Americans Arrived More Than 16,000 Years Ago, According To Find In Idaho
+
[https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/oct/12/asteroid-kicked-off-new-life-on-earth] theguardian.com (10/12/19) - New evidence shows how asteroid dust cloud may have sparked new life on Earth 470m years ago
  
[https://science.sciencemag.org/content/365/6456/891] science.sciencemag.org (8/30/19) - Late Upper Paleolithic occupation at Cooper’s Ferry, Idaho, USA, ~16,000 years ago
+
[https://www.universetoday.com/143781/comets-and-interstellar-objects-could-be-exporting-earth-life-out-into-the-milky-way/] universetoday.com (10/19/19) - Comets and Interstellar Objects Could be Exporting Earth Life Out into the Milky Way
  
[https://www.wired.com/story/humans-neanderthals-interbreeding/?fbclid=IwAR1Zn87eY7k1ZtPcyJaknE8KMUVHjt82kFb9YW-5uEjT-QMEh-G2DNQISbE] wired.com (9/1/19) - Humans and Neanderthals Kept Breeding—and Breeding—for Ages
+
[https://www.livescience.com/space-sugar-rode-rna-metoers.html] livescience.com (11/21/19) - Your RNA May Have Come from Space, Meteor Study Suggests
  
[https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/09/denisovan-fossil-finger-points-to-the-timing-of-neanderthal-evolution/] arstechnica.com (9/4/19) - Denisovan fossil finger points to the timing of Neanderthal evolution
+
[https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/earth-bacteria-may-have-colonised-other-solar-systems] cosmosmagazine.com (1/16/20) - Earth bacteria may have colonised other solar systems
  
[https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10329-019-00752-x] link.springer.com (9/4/19) - Do chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) console a bereaved mother?
+
==Anthropological Perspective==
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/rare-ancient-dna-south-asia-reveals-complexities-little-known-civilization-180973053/] smithsonianmag.com (9/5/19) - Rare Ancient DNA Provides Window Into a 5,000-Year-Old South Asian Civilization
+
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_Eve] Wikipedia - Mitochondrial Eve
  
[https://science.sciencemag.org/content/365/6457/eaat7487] science.sciencemag.org (9/6/19) - The formation of human populations in South and Central Asia
+
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_2] Wikipedia - Chromosome 2
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2019/09/06/genetic-study-suggests-south-asians-today-descend-from-indus-valley-civilization/#.XXL0bZ8pCEd] blogs.discovermagazine.com (9/6/19) - Genetic Study Suggests South Asians Today Descend from the Indus Valley
+
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_7] Wikipedia - Chromosome 7
  
[https://www.msn.com/en-xl/middleeast/middleeast-tech-science/the-finding-of-the-oldest-human-skull-changes-evolution-science/ar-AAGYizh?li=BBKxLGA] msn.com (9/8/19) - The finding of the oldest human skull changes evolution science
+
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOXP2] Wikipedia - FOXP2
  
[https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0221871] journals.plos.org (9/18/19) - Reconstructing birth in Australopithecus sediba
+
[https://www.pnas.org/content/88/20/9051] pnas.org (1991) - Origin of human chromosome 2: an ancestral telomere-telomere fusion. “ conclude that the locus cloned in cosmids c8.1 and c29B is the relic of an ancient telomere-telomere fusion and marks the point at which two ancestral ape chromosomes fused to give rise to human chromosome 2.”
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/ancient-dna-puts-face-mysterious-denisovans-extinct-cousins-neanderthals?utm_campaign=NewsfromScience&utm_source=JHubbard&utm_medium=Twitter] sciencemag.org (9/19/19) - Ancient DNA puts a face on the mysterious Denisovans, extinct cousins of Neanderthals
+
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC52649/] ncbi.nlm.nih.gov (1991) - Origin of human chromosome 2: an ancestral telomere-telomere fusion.
  
[https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(19)30954-7?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0092867419309547%3Fshowall%3Dtrue] cell.com (9/19/19) - Reconstructing Denisovan Anatomy Using DNA Methylation Maps
+
[https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2063486/Alien-skull-Peru-Mystery-giant-headed-mummy-city-Andahuaylillas.html] dailymail.co.uk (2011) - Is this an alien skull? Mystery of giant-headed mummy found in Peru
  
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/ancient-dna-reveals-first-glimpse-what-denisovan-girl-looked-like?utm_source=Reddit&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=r_science] sciencenews.org (9/19/19) - Ancient DNA reveals the first glimpse of what a Denisovan may have looked like
+
[https://www.ancient-origins.net/news-evolution-human-origins/geneticist-suggests-humans-could-be-hybrids-00704] ancient-origins.net (7/30/13) - Geneticist Suggests Humans Could be Hybrids
  
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/10/colliding-space-rocks-may-have-recently-changed-earths-climate] astronomy.com (10/23/19) - Did colliding space rocks change the climate for ancient humans?
+
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/dna-search-first-americans-links-amazon-indigenous-australians-180955976/] smithsonianmag.com (7/21/15) - A DNA Search for the First Americans Links Amazon Groups to Indigenous Australians
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1714-1.epdf?shared_access_token=YL3hVWmLl8IzqKn3w_h_u9RgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0Ow72lSjAIzdDOJcHUPoWIRr4by4FQHcscW3uZyDuOAW8ZQXRmBa2XhdlqnQ77XXFY3f9-jBR1GNeP80EcA89JaMODBXYcR8W6MCU9glvb11Q%3D%3D] nature.com (10/28/19) - Human origins in a southern African palaeo-wetland and first migrations
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2015/11/151116-denisovan-human-anthropology-ancient-dna] google.com (11/16/15) - DNA Reveals Mysterious Human Cousin With Huge Teeth
  
[https://www.inverse.com/article/60470-hometown-for-humanity] inverse.com (10/28/19) - Scientists may have finally pinpointed humanity's ancestral hometown
+
[https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/science/bioscience/the-origin-of-the-human-species-a-chromosome-fusion/] bbvaopenmind.com (1/17/17) - The Origin of the Human Species: a Chromosome Fusion?
  
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2019/10/28/humans-ancestral-homeland-found-claim-researchers/#.XbgTTBYpCEd] blogs.discovermagazine.com (10/28/19) - Humans’ “Ancestral Homeland” Found, Claim Researchers
+
[https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/07/williams-health-love-genetics-books/] nationalgeographic.com (7/16/17) - This Rare Medical Condition Makes You Love Everyone (Williams syndrome / Chromosome 7)
  
[https://www.sbs.com.au/news/australian-scientists-discover-the-ancestral-home-of-modern-humans] sbs.com.au (10/28/19) - Australian scientists discover the ancestral home of modern humans
+
[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5517105/] ncbi.nlm.nih.gov (7/19/17) - Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
  
[https://www.fastcompany.com/90422553/the-first-map-of-americas-food-supply-chain-is-mind-boggling] fastcompany.com (10/28/19) - The first map of America’s food supply chain is mind-boggling
+
[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2017/12/07/human-migration-rewrite/] discovermagazine.com (12/7/17) - It’s official: Timeline for human migration gets a rewrite
  
[https://www.matconlist.com/2019/10/what-has-man-put-into-space-outer-space-news-science-blog.html?m=1] matconlist.com (10/30/19) - The strangest things that man has ever launched into space
+
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180215110041.htm] sciencedaily.com (2/15/18) - Did humans domesticate themselves?
  
[https://www.sciencenews.org/article/ancient-toe-bone-hints-neandertals-used-eagle-talons-jewelry] sciencenews.org (11/1/19) - A toe bone hints that Neandertals used eagle talons as jewelry
+
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/strange-elongated-skulls-reveal-bulgarian-treaty-brides-ancient-germany] sciencemag.org (3/12/18) - Strange, elongated skulls reveal medieval Bulgarian brides were traded for politics
  
[https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1731-0] nature.com (11/6/19) - A new Miocene ape and locomotion in the ancestor of great apes and humans
+
[https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180313093051.htm] sciencedaily.com (3/13/18) - New insights into the origin of elongated heads in early medieval Germany
  
[https://www.livescience.com/danuvius-ape-new-species.html] livescience.com (11/6/19) - Ancient Ape with 'Human Legs' and 'Orangutan Arms' Moved Like No Other Creature on Earth
+
[http://www.newsweek.com/origin-mysteriously-elongated-skulls-medieval-women-revealed-dna-study-843512?amp=1] Newsweek.com (3/14/18) - Origin of mysterious elongated skulls in medieval women revealed by DNA study
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/new-ancient-ape-species-rewrites-story-bipedalism-180973479/] smithsonianmag.com (11/6/19) - New Ancient Ape Species Rewrites the Story of Bipedalism
+
[https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/2018/03/15/humans-bred-with-neanderthals-more-than-once-new-study-shows/TG4dQJ6G1SfbaoCboLXAgK/story.html?s_campaign=bdc:globewell:trending&s_campaign=bdc:globewell:trending] bostonglobe.com (3/15/18) - Humans bred with Neanderthals more than once, new study shows
  
[https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/11/many-imperial-romans-had-roots-middle-east-genetic-history-shows] sciencemag.org (11/7/19) - Many imperial Romans had roots in the Middle East, genetic history shows
+
[http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/03/oldest-dna-africa-offers-clues-mysterious-ancient-culture] sciencemag.org (3/15/18) - Oldest DNA from Africa offers clues to mysterious ancient culture
  
==Archeological Perspective==
+
[https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/03/22/this-tiny-skeleton-might-look-like-an-alien-but-her-genes-tell-a-different-story/?utm_term=.ab7d68e614a5] washingtonpost.com (3/22/18) - This tiny skeleton might look like an alien, but her genes tell a different story
  
[https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/gobekli-tepe-the-worlds-first-temple-83613665/] smithsonianmag.com (2008) - Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?
+
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43489246] bbc.com (3/22/18) - Origin of 'six-inch mummy' confirmed
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kailasa_temple,_Ellora] Wikipedia - Kailasa temple, Ellora
+
[https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/5878480/bizarre-six-inch-alien-mummy-is-human-dna-tests-reveal-as-scientists-prove-tiny-atacama-girl-was-a-fetus-with-dwarfism/amp/] thesun.co.uk (3/22/18) - ALIEN' MUMMY RIDDLE Tragic truth behind mysterious skeleton claimed to be an ‘alien’ as Atacama girl was a fetus with dwarfism (videos)
  
[https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamyan#Discoveries] Wikipedia - Buddhas of Bamyan
+
[https://mobile.nytimes.com/2018/03/22/science/ata-mummy-alien-chile.html?referer=https://www.bing.com/search?q=Was+a+Tiny+Mummy+in+the+Atacama+an+Alien%3F+No,+but+the+Real+Story+Is+Almost+as+Strange&form=APIPH1&PC=APPL] nytimes.com (3/22/18) - Was a Tiny Mummy in the Atacama an Alien? No, but the Real Story Is Almost as Strange
  
[http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/egipto/fingerprintgods/fingerprintgods.htm] bibliotechapleyades.net - Fingerprints of the Gods (1995) - Graham Hancock
+
[https://www.inverse.com/article/42682-atacama-alien-skeleton-dna-analysis-mutations] inverse.com (3/22/18) - Ancient Black Market "Atacama Alien" Reveals Bizarre Genetic Mutations
  
[http://www.robertschoch.com/sphinx.html] robertschoch.com - Robert M. Schoch: Research Highlights - The Great Sphinx
+
[https://www.inverse.com/article/42674-genomes-five-neanderthals-max-planck] inverse.com (3/22/18) - Genome Sequencing Adds 5 New Neanderthals to the Human Family Tree
  
[http://www.nbcnews.com/id/32417238/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/cave-complex-may-lie-beneath-giza-pyramids/] nbcnews.com (8/14/09) - Cave complex may lie beneath Giza Pyramids
+
[https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2018/03/410076/once-mysterious-atacama-skeleton-illuminates-genetics-bone-disease] ucsf.edu (3/22/18) - Once-Mysterious ‘Atacama Skeleton’ Illuminates Genetics of Bone Disease
  
[https://www.amusingplanet.com/2010/05/mysterious-manpupuner-rock-formations.html?m=1] amusingplanet.com (2010) - The Mysterious Manpupuner Rock Formations
+
[http://www.astronomy.com/news/2018/03/wandering-star-shook-up-the-prehistoric-solar-system] astronomy.com (3/27/18) - Wandering star shook up the prehistoric solar system
  
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.livescience.com/17474-ancient-offering-discovered-pyramid.html] google.com - livescience.com (2011) - Ancient Offering Discovered Beneath Pyramid of the Sun
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/guardian.ng/features/science/why-some-nigerians-are-protected-from-cancer/amp] google.com - theguardian.com (4/5/18) - Why some Nigerians are ‘protected’ from cancer
  
[https://youtu.be/T2iQ_jcpZUw] YouTube - PJShield (1/6/12) - Ghar Dalam - Cave of Darkness Malta
+
[http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-43701630] bbc.com (4/11/18) - How ancient DNA is transforming our view of the past
  
[https://youtu.be/vlz_REUbWtY] YouTube - Brien Foerster (2012) - Re-Dating Puma Punku and Tiwanaku with Geologist Dr. Robert Schoch
+
[https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/04/are-we-earths-only-civilization/557180/] theatlantic.com (4/13/18) - Was There a Civilization On Earth Before Humans?
  
[https://www.livescience.com/23479-tikal-mayan-civilization.html] livescience.com (9/26/12) - Tikal: Capital of Maya Civilization
+
[https://www.google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/2018/04/bajau-sea-nomads-free-diving-spleen-science] google.com - nationalgeographic.com (4/19/18) - 'Sea Nomads' Are First Known Humans Genetically Adapted to Diving
  
[https://www.